國家的起源悠久，歷史漫長。一個遭遇困難能夠絕處逢生，擁有強韌生命力的國家，集結了國家中的人民，成為「現在」的代名詞。因此，探究國家的原初架構及其發展歷程，對歷史研究來說格具意義。 本研究以國民意識所組成的近代國家此一「想像之共同體」為論文構成之基礎與研究方法，著重探討構成近代共同體之「想像」因子。檢討現代承繼自近代「想像共同體」之概念，以精神方面為支柱探究國家的原初架構及其發展歷程。本文特別針對「想像共同體」構成之時，做為重要關鍵之「聖物」（神與王）的機能做深入探討。 本研究主要是參考從人‧神‧王之相互關係來探討國家發展歷程的「依存理論」。以「依存理論」為軸心，進一步解析「現在」，透過新的核心價值來探討「國家歷史研究」。 State exists with a long history, which has been originated from ancient periods. The long-existing state bearing strong tenacity captures people, and then becomes the pronoun of “now”. Therefore, finding and researching the early frame and the developing progress of a state is significant to history research.Researching “Community of Imagination” composed of the spirits of people in modern times is the main studying method and basis of this article. It focuses on investigating the “Imagination” components of modern and ancient nations. By using spirit as a main way to review the concepts of “Community of Imagination” at present days inheriting from the one in modern times, this research makes a thorough investigation on the very beginning structure and the developing progress of a state. This article especially aims at probing into the functions of “Halidom” (i.e. God and King), which act as crucial things when “Community of Imagination” is constituted.This research mainly considers the relationship among humans, god, and king to study the “Rely-Existing Theory” during developing progress of a state. In this research, this “Rely-Existing Theory” is focused and based to explain “now”, and this is a new way to study the research on history of state.
政大日本研究,第十號,53-86 Chengchi journal of Japanese studies