The term ”education sponsored by social resources” has been in formal use since the promulgation of the Regulations on Education Sponsored by Social Resources. It includes all non-government-sponsored schools and educational facilities. Such schools did not exist in mainland China for nearly thirty years, but began to reappear in 1982. The state government originally did not take a clear stance toward them, so they remained in the budding stage during the 1980s, but since 1992, Beijing has begun to encourage their development and issue related stipulations and regulations for their enhancement. Although they have encountered difficulties and hindrances, their growth proves that they have an important role to play in mainland China's educational system.