|其他題名: ||The Applicability of The German Dual System of Vocational Education (Apprentice Training System) to The "Classes of Prolonged National Education Based upon Vocational Education"in Taiwan|
|上傳時間: ||2016-12-09 10:21:55 (UTC+8)|
This study explores the possibility of introducing the german dual system of vocational education to Taiwan for the junior high school graduates, who are not cabable or not willing to enter the general or vocational senior high school. Method of research is the analysis of official statistical data as well as visiting institutions, which are participating the vocational training of apprentices, such as vocational schools, training stations in enterprises, cross-enterprise training centers. The results show, that the german dual vocational education for apprentices, which has based on a long tradition and as before has a meaningful contribution to the economy and society of Germany is valuable for introducing to Taiwan. The decrease of the number of apprentices in recent years is due tothe decrease of birthrate. In order to meet the challenge of technical innovation, the vocational structure and the training contents and methods of the german apprentice training system has also been modernized. A hypothetical model of the future dual vocational training system for Taiwan is shown in Fig. 10. The important suggestions of the study are: (a) the curriculum of the "classes of prolonged national education based opon vocational education" has to be revised. As in the german part-time vocational schools, only 12 hours, instead of 24 hours, are required in the "classes" (4 hours for general education courses and 8 hours for specialized vocational courses), the rest 32 hours in a week will be spent in the enterprises for the on-the-job training, ( b) to establish an institute of vocational education, directly under the Ministry of Education, to study, to report, to coordinate, and to catalyse the implementation of the dual vocational education, (c) to set up a "tenth year of basic vocational education class" for the juviniles, who neither attend the senior high school nor have a contract of apprentice training. It is expected that after graduation, their chance of being accepted as an apprentice will be higher, (d) to build up a network of cross-enterprise vocational training centers to complement the training of the small- and middle-scale enterprises, (e) The associations of employers, such as the chambers of industry, commerce, agriclture, etc. and other governmental authorities should be authorized to take the responsibility for the vocational training of apprentices and for the examination for vocational licenses, (f) to establish technical schools to train the trainers of apprentices, (g) if the step-wise training system is adopted, no mid-term termination should be permitted. Because those who leave too early, can only do semi-skill works. Their chance for employment and promotion will become less and less in the future, (h) the passrate of end-term examination should not be too low. 75-90% would be suitable, (i) the allowance for apprentices is to reach a level of 30-50% of the wage of the beginning skilled workers, (j) the end-term examination of the dual vocational education is to be recognized as the grade c of the vocational license.