English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  全文筆數/總筆數 : 71553/104422 (69%)
造訪人次 : 19148383      線上人數 : 130
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
搜尋範圍 查詢小技巧:
  • 您可在西文檢索詞彙前後加上"雙引號",以獲取較精準的檢索結果
  • 若欲以作者姓名搜尋,建議至進階搜尋限定作者欄位,可獲得較完整資料
  • 進階搜尋
    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/112804

    題名: 台灣高齡貧窮現象之研究
    Poverty among the Elderly in Taiwan: An Insight from Japan's case
    作者: 黃驛媗
    Huang, I-Hsuan
    貢獻者: 姜家雄
    Chiang, Chia-Hsiung
    Huang, I-Hsuan
    關鍵詞: 台灣貧窮老人
    Elderly poverty in Taiwan
    Elderly poverty
    The low-living elderly
    Elderly living-alone
    Social welfare policy
    Aging society in Japan
    日期: 2017
    上傳時間: 2017-09-13 15:47:23 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 有鑑於過去人口結構的變化,台灣已成為人口老化速度最快的國家,人口老
    於基本生活開銷); 二、就業(低薪的工作環境); 三、家庭養老功能下降(老
    人獨居比率不斷上升); 四、太早離開勞動力市場(儲蓄不足)。研究結果顯示,弱化的社會保障制度是老年貧窮比率升高的主要原因,而老年貧窮的現象亦廣泛存在於台灣社會,因此建議需提升公眾意識,提早準備充足的退休養老金、並加
    In view of the change in demographic structure in the past few years, Taiwan has become the country with the fastest speed of population aging. The aging population has become a major issue. Japan has the highest ratio of aged citizens, and the widely discussed phenomena of elderly poverty (The low-living elderly). Thus, this study based on Japan's case, has systematically reviewed, analyzed, and secondary data, in order to provide the overall and future trends of elderly poverty situation in Taiwan. The study probes into the emergence of the “elderly poverty” problem and try to find out the extent of this problem and its future outlook, to explore the causes of the “elderly
    poverty” problem in Taiwan and the official measures for alleviating elderly poverty. The research found that more than 50% of the elderly was the poorest households with
    the lowest income, nearly half of the elderly population falls to the lowest and poorest level, shows “the low-living elderly” phenomenon has increasing in Taiwan’s society. The causes of the elderly poverty in Taiwan: 1. the labor pension is too low (less than the necessary living expenses); 2. unstable employment (low income work); 3. family care function are decline (the elders living alone has keep rising); 4. early to exit from the labor market (lack of deposits). The weakened social security system are the main causes for the rising old-age poverty. The elderly poverty exists widely and need to promote public awareness for prepare adequate deposit in retirement, strengthen care function of community and focus on the elderly poor issues. For overall pictures of
    elderly poverty in Taiwan is worthy of further investigation and discussion.
    參考文獻: References References
    Barak, Kushner. (2015). Examining Japan's Lost Decades. 297-313. https://scholar.princeton.edu/sites/default/files/gji3/files/chapter_15-the_stakeholder_state.pdf
    Blank, R. M., & A.S. Blinder. (1986). Macroeconomics, income distribution, and poverty. S. H. Danziger and D. & D. Weinberg, eds., Fighting Poverty: What Works and What Doesn't. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.
    Bureau of Labor insurance, Ministry of Labor. (2016). Characteristics of the New Labor Pension System. http://www.bli.gov.tw/en/sub.aspx?a=nhOjj7pu60c%3D
    Cabinet Office, Government of Japan. (2015). Annual report on the aging society. http://www8.cao.go.jp/kourei/english/annualreport/2015/2015pdf_e.html
    Cabinet Office, Government of Japan. (2016). White Papers on the Aging Society http://www.ipss.go.jp/pp-zenkoku/j/zenkoku2017/pp_zenkoku2017.asp
    Cabinet Office, Government of Japan. (2011). Aging situation - the ratio of the old-aged population to the working age population. (Table. 1-1-6) http://www8.cao.go.jp/kourei/whitepaper/w-2011/zenbun/pdf/1s1s_1.pdf
    Cabinet Office, Government of Japan. (2014). Situation on Aging, (Chart 1-1-2). http://www8.cao.go.jp/kourei/english/annualreport/2014/pdf/c1-1.pdf
    Campbell J. C., Ikegami N., Gibson M. J. (2010). Lessons from public long-term care insurance in Germany and Japan. http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/29/1/87.full.html
    Campbell, D. T. (1979). A tribal model of the social system vehicle carrying scientific knowledge. Knowledge, 2, 181-201.
    Central News Agency. (2017) In Japan still unmarried at age 50: report.
    Chang, Chia-ting. (2012). The impacts of population ageing on the economic and welfare in Taiwan. Department of International Business, Chung Yuan Christian University. Master’s thesis.
    Chang, Ching-chin. (2014). Gender differences of labor participation and old-age woman poverty in the ageing societies of Taiwan. Department of Labor Relations, National Chung Cheng University. Master’s thesis.
    Chan, Yi-chang. (1997). Economic security and protection of the elderly-a risk approach. Social Policy & Social Work, vol. 1, no. 2, 3-38.
    Chen, Po-chien. (2016). The storm of the Old-age poverty was coming. Taiwan Higher Education Union report. http://www.appledaily.com.tw/realtimenews/article/new/20160909/945120/
    Chen, Fei-juan. (2011). The study of the middle-aged generation's perspective on the choices of residential after retirement in Taiwan. National Chengchi University EMBA. Master’s thesis.
    Chen, Hao-yi & Shi, Rong-jie. (2016). Japan's most horrible murder, at least 19 people dead with a knife. APPLE Daily report. http://www.appledaily.com.tw/realtimenews/article/international/20160726/915446/%E6%97%A5%E7%94%B7%E9%97%96%E5%AE%89%E9%A4%8A%E9%99%A2%E4%BA%82%E7%A0%8D19%E6%AD%BB%E3%80%80%E5%AB%8C%E7%8A%AF%E7%85%A7%E6%9B%9D%E5%85%89
    Chen, Hsiu-hui. (2011). The evolution and development of Taiwan's old-age income security system. Community Development Journal, no. 133, 123-138
    Chen, Jing-ping. (2011). The impact of labor market status and retirement pattern on elderly well-being. Department of social welfare, Chinese Culture University.
    Master’s thesis.
    Chen, Kuan-zeng. (2009). The causes and consequences of population aging. Department of Humanities and Social Sciences of Ministry of Science and Technology, vol. 10, no. 2, 28-39.
    Chen, Mao. (2004). The influence of population aging on our country macroeconomic and its response. Taiwan Economic Research Monthly, vol. 27, no. 11, 21-29.
    Chen, Xin-yi & Pang, Pao-hong. (2005). Working poor in Taiwan. Journal of Culture and Society, no. 20, 103-128.
    Chen, Yu-cang. (2016). Dusk Elegy - Poverty Status and Countermeasure of Elderly in Japan. New Social Policy, no. 42, 5-8.
    Chen, Zih-ting. (2009). The phenomenon of the wealth inequality in Taiwan. The social Development of South Taiwan Academic Seminar Proceedings. Department of social development, National Pingtung University. Master’s thesis.
    Cheng, Ching-hsia & Wang, Ching-Yi.(2016). The Pension Equity of the Labor Insurance Old-Age Pension Benefit in Taiwan: On Generational Accounting. Social Policy & Social Work, vol. 20, no. 2, 83-124
    Cowgill, D. O. (1986). Aging around the World. Belmont, California: Wadsworth
    Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (2013). The annual report.
    Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (2014). Report on the Survey of Family Income & Expenditure. http://win.dgbas.gov.tw/fies/a11.asp?year=103
    Estévez-Abe, M., Kim, Y. (2013). Beyond the familialist state? Outsourcing care in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan. Carlo Alberto Working Papers Series 343.
    Euromonitor International. (2012). Special Report: Rise in single-person households globally impacts consumer spending patterns. http://www.euromonitor.com/
    Fackler, M. (2010). Japan Tries to Face Up to Growing Poverty Problem. New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/22/world/asia/22poverty.html
    Fujimori K. (2016). The rapid increase of elderly single households and the declining marriage rate--social system rebuild inevitable http://www.japanpolicyforum.jp/archives/economy/pt20160609151042.html
    Fu, Tsung-hsi. (2012). The view and future prospect of the economic security guarantee system for the elderly in our country. Taiwan's response the old age society is coming policy research seminar. National Taiwan University. Center for Public Policy and Law, Topic 4, 1-24
    Fu, Tsung-hsi & Wang, Hong-wen & Shi, Shi-jun. (2012). A study on the economic security and personal retirement of the elderly in Taiwan. Research, Development and Evaluation Commission, Executive Yuan. Commissioned research report
    Fujisawa, R. and F. Colombo (2009), The Long-Term Care Workforce: Overview and Strategies to Adapt Supply to a Growing Demand. OECD Health Working Papers no. 44, OECD, Paris.
    Health Promotion Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare. (2016a). A silver tsunami hit Taiwan. https://www.hpa.gov.tw/Pages/Detail.aspx?nodeid=1131&pid=2276
    Health Promotion Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare. (2016b). The 10-year long-term care 2.0 plan. (2017~2026) file:///C:/Users/Christy%20Huang/Downloads/1051219%E9%95%B7%E7%85%A72.0%E6%A0%B8%E5%AE%9A%E6%9C%AC.pdf
    Health and Welfare Bureau for the Elderly, Ministry of Helath, Labour and Welfare. (2016). Long-Term Care Insurance System of Japan http://www.mhlw.go.jp/english/policy/care-welfare/care-welfare-elderly/dl/ltcisj_e.pdf
    Hong, Hau-yi. (2012). The impact of senior citizens welfare living allowance on private transfer and consumption of one-person elderly household. Department of Political Science, National Taiwan University. Master’s thesis.
    Hong, Ming-huang. (2009). Income distribution analysis in Taiwan. Department of Social Welfare, National Chung Cheng University. PhD thesis.
    Howard, D. (2012). Standard of living in Japan stacks up fairly well. http://the-carter-group.com/?p=536
    HSBC (2016). Global white-collar workers are prepared earlier than the previous generation for planning retirement. file:///C:/Users/Christy%20Huang/Downloads/160809-hsbc-survey-tw.pdf
    Hsieh, Hsin-ling., Chou, Shin-Yi., Liu, Echu & Lien, Hsien-ming. (2015). Strengthening or Weakening? The Impact of Universal Health Insurance on Intergenerational Coresidence in Taiwan. Demography, vol. 52, no. 3, 883-904.
    Hsieh, Mei-O. (2013). Exploring quality of life among the retired elderly from retirement planning, sociological theories of aging, and self-perception of the elderly and the meaning of life. Soochow Journal of Social Work, no. 25, 35-70
    Hsueh, Cherng-tay. (2007). Is Taiwan a Becoming an M-shaped Society? National
    Policy Foundation. http://www.npf.org.tw/post/2/3076
    Hsueh, Cherng-tay. (2001). An analysis of the trend of single family and its poverty in Taiwan. Taiwan's single-parent family status and policy seminars. National Policy Foundation, 1-18.
    Hsu, Pi-chun & Hong, Ming-huang. (2012). The analysis of economic security of Taiwanese middle-aged and elderly women caregivers. Social Analysis Academic Journal, no. 5, 39-63.
    Income Poverty in Old Age: An Emerging Development Priority. Department of Economic and Social Affairs programmed on ageing. The focal point on ageing in the United Nations system. http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/ageing/documents/PovertyIssuePaperAgeing.pdf
    Japan Pensioners’ Union. (2010). The Pension Reform and Income Security. http://nenkinsha-u.org/08-english/pensionreform.html
    Keiko Takanami. (2010). Rising income inequality and poverty in Japan. San Diego State University. Master thesis.
    Ku, Yeun-wen & Chan, Yi-chang. (1998). Economic security and annuity policy for the elderly in Taiwan: a study of social exclusion of view point. Journal of Social Sciences and Philosophy, vol. 10, no. 2, 191-225
    Lam, Shushan. (2017). Poor and on their own, South Korea’s elderly who will work until they die. http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/poor-and-on-their-own-south-korea-s-elderly-who-will--work-until-8577758
    Lau, Wai-hing. (2015). The elderly poverty. New Society for Taiwan, no. 42, 9-12.
    Lee, R. & A. Mason. (2011). Population Aging and the Generational Economy. Oxfordshire: Edward Elgar Publishing.
    Legislative Council. (2013). Report in the duty visit to study the experience of poverty alleviation in Taiwan and Japan. http://www.legco.gov.hk/yr13-14/english/hc/papers/hc0411cb2-1266-a-e.pdf
    Leu, Chao-hsien & Wang, Te-mu & Wang, Shu-twu. (1999). Age, period, cohort and the poverty rate in Taiwan. National Taiwan University of Population and Gender Studies Center, no. 20, 125-138.
    Li, Pu. (2016). Unimaginable of Taiwan's Old-Age Poverty. Taiwan News Review, vol. 10, no. 9.
    Li, Sheng-yan. (2012). Taiwan's economy Japanization and the revelation of Korea's Rising. Asian Financial Quarterly, 3-5.
    Li, Shu-Jung. (2014). Labor and poverty in the era of globalization. Community Development Journal, no. 148. 64-77.
    Li, Zhuo. (2016). The population aging and the challenge of social welfare. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of NGO International Affairs Council.
    Lin, Jian-cheng. (2016). Looking forward to a inclusive growth of annuity reform. National Policy Foundation. National Policy Research Report.
    Lin, Jian-cheng. (2015). State administration analysis: Do not repeat the mistakes of Japan's long-term care. National Policy Foundation.
    Lin, Ya-ching. (2015). The influence of population aging on economic growth, labor market and saving behavior: Taiwan's case studies. Department of Finance, National Sun Yat-sen University. Master’s thesis.
    Lin, Yu Cheng. (2015). The Problem of the Elderly Care in the Situation of Aging and Low Fertility in Japan: Case Study of the Decision Making Process of the Long-Term Care Insurance System. Master Program in Japan Studies, National Chengchi University. Master’s thesis.
    Lin, Zheng Yue-o. (2016). 2015 Hong Kong Poverty Situation Report. Commission on Poverty.
    Lin, Zhao-Zhen. (2009). Can not afford the future. NPF Report. National Policy Foundation. http://www.npf.org.tw/printfriendly/6307
    Liu, Chia-Yung. (2015). Social care programs in communities for the elderly living alone: a comparative study between Taiwan and Japan. Taiwan Community Work and Research Association, vol. 5, no. 2, 47-96.
    Liu, Kuei-Yin. (2003). The effects of fiscal policy on lifetime net tax rate in Taiwan. Department of Accounting, Feng Chia University. Master’s thesis.
    Liu, Li-Fen. (2016). The aging of the population is imminent. Sci-Tech Vista. https://scitechvista.nat.gov.tw/c/JTcx.htm
    Liu, Yu-Wei & Lu, Chun-Liang. (2011). The integration of national pension and labor insurance-with old age benefits and conditions as the central content. Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, vol. 19, no. 2, 308-318.
    Lin, Zhao-Zhen. (2009). Cannot afford the future - the impact of Taiwan's labor for elderly, low fertility, secure old-age economy and reform suggestion. Community Development Journal, no. 125, 440-453.
    Lynch, J. (2001). The age-orientation of social policy regimes in OECD countries. Journal of Social Policy, vol. 30, no. 3, 411-436.
    Mann, David. (2017). Ageing – Passing the baton to Asia. Global Research, Standard
    Chartered Bank. https://www.sc.com/BeyondBorders/wp- content/uploads/2017/02/2017-02-15-Ageing-report.pdf
    Masahiro K. (2015). Housing and demographics: experiences in Japan. http://www.jhf.go.jp/files/300304336.pdf
    McCall W. V., and Kintziger K. W. (2013). Late life depression-A global problem with few resources
    Ministry of Health and Welfare. (2013). Report of the senior citizen condition survey. http://dep.mohw.gov.tw/DOS/lp-1767-113.html
    Ministry of Health and Welfare. (2017). The long-term care 2.0 policy. http://topics.mohw.gov.tw/LTC/cp-91-107-201.html
    Ministry of Health and Welfare. (2016). Social statistics monthly report: low-income households. http://www.mohw.gov.tw/cht/DOS/Statistic.aspx?f_list_no=312&fod_list_no=4197
    Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. (2014). Social security of Japan.
    Ministry of the Interior, Department of Statistics. (2016). Population analysis. http://www.moi.gov.tw/stat/news_content.aspx?sn=10225
    Myer, J. (2015) Where are pensioners most at risk of poverty? Geo-economic. World Economic Forum. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2015/12/where-are-pensioners-most-at-risk-of-poverty/
    National Development Council. (2013). Global aging population present situation and trend. http://www.ndc.gov.tw/cp.aspx?n=4AE550655153
    National Development Council. (2014).The study of social welfare service in Taiwan. file:///C:/Users/Christy%20Huang/Downloads/%E6%88%91%E5%9C%8B%E7%A4%BE%E6%9C%83%E7%A6%8F%E5%88%A9%E6%9C%8D%E5%8B%99%E6%96%B9%E5%BC%8F%E4%B9%8B%E7%A0%94%E7%A9%B6103.03.25%20.pdf
    National Development Council. (2016). Taiwan population estimates (2016~2061) https://www.ndc.gov.tw/Content_List.aspx?n=84223C65B6F94D72
    National Development Council (2010). The estimate of population in Taiwan (2010-2060). http://iknow.stpi.narl.org.tw/Post/Files/policy/2012/policy_12_017_1.pdf
    National Institute of Population and Social Security Research. (2016). Japan's population estimate.
    National Statistics, R.O.C. (2010). Population and housing census. http://www.stat.gov.tw/lp.asp?ctNode=548&CtUnit=383&BaseDSD=7&mp=4
    NHK special interview group. (2014). 老後破産―長寿という悪夢The old-age bankruptcy: nightmare of the longevity. Streamer Publishing, Taipei.
    NHK special interview group. (2015). 無縁社会むえんしゃかいIndifferent Social: Society in which individuals are isolated and have weak personal links between each other. Newrain Publishing, Taipei.
    NIKKEI STYLE News. (2017). Mature unmarried: Elderly-live living together.
    Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2012). Household net adjusted disposable income in OECD countries. https://figure.nz/chart/j1zCZHMttYs2FkR7
    Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2013). Social expenditure - aggregated data: net total social expenditure, in % GDP.
    Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2015). Pensions at a Glance. https://www.oecd.org/japan/PAG2015_Japan.pdf
    Paul Demeny & Goffrey Mcnicoll. (2003). Encyclopedia of population. New York: Macmillan Reference.
    Peng, Huai-zhen & Peng, Zhan-jiang. (2012). Gerontology Introduction. Wiseman Publishing, New Taipei.
    Rejda, G. E. (1994). Social Insurance and Economic Security. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
    Rowntree, S. (1922). Poverty: A Study of Town Life. New York: Howard Fertig. (reprinted in 1971).
    Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and communications. (2015). Population Census. http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/kokusei/index.htm
    Statistics Bureau, Management and Coordination Agency. (2010). Chapter II: population by sex and age, 21-24 http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/kokusei/2010/poj/pdf/2010ch02.pdf
    Satyajit, D. (2016). The Age of Stagnation: Why Perpetual Growth is Unattainable and the Global Economy is in Peril. Prometheus Books. New York.
    Shih, Yang. (2005). Discussion on the system of economic security in the elderly. Community Development Journal, no. 110, 260-273.
    Social Security Office of Retirement and Disability Policy. Programs Throughout the World: Asia and the Pacific.
    Spicker, P. (1993). Poverty and Social Security: Concepts and Principles, London: Routledge.
    Su, Li-chiung. (2012). An exploratory study on the life course and preparation for old age among unmarried older-women living alone. Department of Social Work, Donghai University. PhD thesis.
    Sun, Nai-yi. (2014). Some myths on the policy of our countries pension reform - on the economic secure system of the elderly and the relevance of labor economic conditions. Formosa Transnational Attorneys at Low, no. 198, 2-14.
    Taichi Ohno. (2011). Aging in Japan-focusing on long-term care insurance. Healthy aging summit. Los Angeles. https://www.slideshare.net/keiroservices/aging-in-japan-focusing-on-longterm-care-insurance
    Takanori Fujida. (2016). 下流老人: 一億総老後崩壊の衝撃The Low-Living Elderly : The impact of future decay of elderly lives of 100 million Japanese. Asif Publishing. Taipei.
    Takanori Fujida. (2017). 続・下流老人 一億総疲弊社会の到来The Low-Living Elderly¬ Continuance (かりゅうろうじん): The arrival of 100 million total impoverishment society. Asif Publishing. Taipei.
    Takenobu Mieko (2011). The change of work styles and poverty in Japan. Asia leadership fellow program report. Asia in Dialogue: Visions and Actions for a Humane Society. International House of Japan and Japan Foundation, Tokyo, Japan, 83-84. http://alfpnetwork.net/en/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/ALFP-2011-complete-Book.pdf
    The World Bank. (2016). Living Longer and Prosper: Aging in East Asia and Pacific. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
    Tong, Ze-rong. (2015). Decline Savings are Reflected the Aging of Population. Paper.udn.com. https://news.housefun.com.tw/news/article/206606110537.html
    Toru Nakagawa. (2016). Forum: Poverty problems in the Japanese society. Takanori Fujita, the speech in Seigakuin University. http://www.ogjc.osaka-gu.ac.jp/php/nakagawa/TRIZ/eTRIZ/eforum/e2016Forum/eNaka-Social-2016/eNaka-Social-Elderly-Intro-160329.html#IntroBook
    United Nations Population Fund. (2012). Aging in the twenty-first century: A celebration and a challenge, 12.
    United Nations Population Fund. (2013). World population prospects-The 2012 revision. https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/publications/Files/WPP2012_HIGHLIGHTS.pdf
    United Daily News Group of Vision Project (2013). Taiwan of centenarian longevity aging study. https://www.unitedway.org.tw/news/17671
    Wang, Ruo-ping. (2013). Taiwanese poverty issues and community consultation and feasible conduct. Counseling & Guidance, no. 333, 48-52.
    Wang, De-mu & Lu, Chao-xian. (1997). Population aging and care of the elderly. Population Association of Taiwan, 68-87.
    Wang, Wen-Jhong. (2015). The old-age economic security system in Taiwan. Institute of China and Asia-Pacific Studies, National Sun Yat-sen University. PhD thesis.
    Wang, Yu-Zen. (2009). A study of the relationship among income sources subjective and objective economic well-being of the elderly. Department of Sociology, National Chengchi University. Master’s thesis.
    Wang, Yeong-Tsyr. (2005). The poverty issue in Taiwan. National Taiwan University Journal of Social Work, no. 10, 1-54.
    Web Japan. (2016). Social security system- An aging society and its impact on social security. http://web-japan.org/factsheet/en/pdf/e42_security.pdf
    Weekly Toyo Keizai Magazine. (2015). The low living elderly. Toyo Keizai Shinposha,Tokyo, Japan, 46-88. https://store.toyokeizai.net/user_data/contents/toyo/2015/t_9900111544.pdf
    Wikipedia. (2017). Declaration of not providing support to parents.
    Wikipedia. (2013). Poverty in Japan. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poverty_in_Japan
    World Finance. Life Cycle Hypothesis.
    World Health Organization. (2015). World report on ageing and health, Populations are getting older. Number of people over 60 years set to double by 2050.
    World Health Organization. Healthy ageing. Europe.
    http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/Life-stages/healthy-ageing/healthy ageing
    World Health Organization. 2011-2014 Health statistics and information systems.
    Wu, Ming-Ru. (2008). Build a multi pillar of Taiwan and the basic life of safety net. Back to basics: Reconstruction of basic safety net in Taiwan. Health Welfare & Environment Foundation. 107-127.
    Wu, Ya-Hui. (1997). The research on the poverty of elderly women - The factors of the poverty and major hardships. Department of Sociology, National Chengchi University. Master’s thesis.
    Yeung, Wei-jun & Cheung Ka-lok. (2015). Living Alone: One-Person Households in Asia. Demographic Research, vol. 32, no. 40, 1099-1112.
    Zheng, Jing-wen. (2014). Japan's tax reform in response to old age. Ministry of Finance of the Republic of China. Finance and Taxation Research, vol. 43, no. 6, 120-128.
    描述: 碩士
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0999260091
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS) ] 學位論文


    檔案 大小格式瀏覽次數
    009101.pdf1824KbAdobe PDF0檢視/開啟


    社群 sharing

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - 回饋