|題名: ||研究台灣人類乳突病毒疫苗施打政策: 評估實施策略|
A Study of Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Policy in Taiwan: Focusing on the Evaluation of Implementation Strategies
Cervical Cancer Prevention
Human Papillomavirus Vaccination
|上傳時間: ||2017-09-13 16:09:26 (UTC+8)|
|摘要: ||Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer that women suffer from worldwide. Every year more than 270,000 women die from cervical cancer, and it is one of the top ten cancer that Taiwanese women suffer from. Differ from other kinds of cancer, cervical cancer can be effectively prevented by vaccination, since most cervical cancers are caused by HPV(Human Papillomavirus) infection. HPV infection is most common in people in their late teens and early 20s, and the HPV vaccine targets the HPV types that most commonly cause cervical cancer and can cause some other cancers. It also protects against the HPV types that cause most genital warts. The HPV vaccine is highly effective in preventing the targeted HPV types, as well as the most common health problems caused by them. |
Though HPV vaccination is included in the national immunization program in some countries, the vaccines are not provided to every female at no cost in Taiwan. While some cities and counties provides HPV vaccine for every female or a certain group of female gratuitously, female citizens of other cities and counties would have to pay approximately $300-360 USD for vaccination. This inconsistent policy among Taiwan has been questioned by local congressmen and citizens.
To re-examine the HPV vaccine policy and implementation procedure among each local government in Taiwan, the Health Promotion Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare (HPA) as well as ten local governments with different HPV vaccination policies were interviewed and evaluated. The research concludes that with no united HPV vaccination policy, the goals of the policy among the local governments is different, some even undefined, the implementation levels of each local government is uneven, and misleading communication between the central and the local governments exist. A united policy with specific goal, implementation guidelines, report system, two-way communication system should and would make the vaccination policy more ample, and equal.
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|顯示於類別:||[應用經濟與社會發展英語碩士學位學程 (IMES) ] 學位論文|