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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/113636

    Title: 同志議題與政治表態:以臺灣2014年六都議員選舉為例
    Coming out of Silence: Candidates’ Stances on LGBT Rights in Taiwan’s 2014 Municipal Councilor Elections
    Authors: 戴士展
    Dai, Shih-Chan
    Keywords: 同志權益;政治立場表態;政治社會化;離心效應;2014年臺灣六都議員選舉
    gay rights;position taking;political socialization;centrifugal effect;2014 Taiwanese municipal councilor elections
    Date: 2016-05
    Issue Date: 2017-10-16 17:06:08 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 儘管臺灣民眾近年來在民調中對於同志議題的接受度日益提升,然而保障同志基本權益的伴侶法規仍無重大進展。此一民意與政策制定的落差乃主要源自於政治菁英對於此一議題缺乏積極表態的動機。儘管如此,已有研究顯示不同政黨的立法委員在同志權益相關議題上抱持相異的立場;依據政治學習與社會化理論,我們將預期政黨對於候選人的議題取向具有決定性的影響,是故民進黨市議員候選人,相對於國民黨候選人而言將較支持同志權益。然而,由於直轄市議員的選制為複數選區單記不可讓渡投票制,因此在離心效應的影響下,同黨候選人則應抱持相異的議題立場,意味政黨在同志權益議題立場上將不產生影響力。本文以2014年臺灣六都議員選舉為例,探究此兩種理論對於候選人在同志議題立場表態支持與否的效果。研究結果顯示政黨內部的社會化過程顯著影響地方選舉候選人支持同志議題的機率,除此之外,在人口變項上,年齡較年長的候選人顯著地較不易支持同志權益。相對而言,選舉制度以及選民組成則非候選人在此一議題表態上的主要考量。
    Although public opinion in Taiwan is increasingly in favor of gay rights, there is no corresponding trend at the elite level and no concrete policy changes have been achieved. Based on the logic of electoral competition and political socialization, this paper takes the 2014 elections for municipal councilors in Taiwan as an example and examines the factors influencing support for LGBT equality among local politicians. Theoretically, although the centrifugal effect of the SNTV system motivates candidates of the same party to differ from each other on a variety of issues, political socialization, on the contrary, encourages a more unified issue stance taken among party members. The results of multilevel models suggest that there is little linkage between the characteristics of constituents, the electoral rule, and candidates’ stances on gay rights. However, both partisanship and age play an indispensable role. Candidates who are members of the DPP or one of the liberal parties are more likely to support LGBT rights than their KMT counterparts.
    Relation: 選舉研究 , 23(1) , 39-62
    Data Type: article
    DOI 連結: http://dx.doi.org/10.6612%2ftjes.2016.23.01.39-62
    DOI: 10.6612/tjes.2016.23.01.39-62
    Appears in Collections:[選舉研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文

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