復原力的定義分歧，從而阻礙了構念的操作觀察與研究發現的分析比較。本研究旨在分析復原力的概念，透過概念的導引建構一套復原力評估工具，包含心性、靈性、群性及家庭資產量表，並以兩個實證研究檢證其效度。研究一透過嚴謹的題目編製、專家審查及項目分析後，以765位大學生樣本進行探索性因素分析，另以簡式復原力量表、Connor-Davidson復原力量表及成人復原力量表為效標。結果顯示心性、靈性、群性及家庭資產量表具有良好的聚斂效度與區辨效度。研究二以738位大學生樣本進行驗證性因素分析，以138位經濟弱勢大學生樣本檢視復原力評估工具的增益效度。結果顯示控制人格特質與其他復原力量表後，靈性、群性及家庭資產還可增加對經濟弱勢心理適應的預測力。 Researchers have expressed divergent views regarding the resilience definition. The purpose of the study was to analyze the concepts of resilience and then develop the assessment tool for resilience. The tool comprises of four scales named “Mental Asset Scale,” “Spiritual Asset Scale,” “Sociability Asset Scale” and “Family Asset Scale.” The researcher of the study conducted two empirical studies to evaluate the validity of the four scales. In study one, the researcher conducted exploratory factor analysis (N = 765) to uncover the underlying structure of each scale and tested convergent and discriminant validity of the four scales with the Brief Resilience Scale, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, and the Resilience Scale for Adults. In study two, the researcher used a sample of 728 college students to do confirmatory factor analysis and used a sample of 138 economically disadvantaged college students to evaluate incremental validity of the assessment tool for resilience. Results of the hierarchical regression analysis showed that spiritual, sociability and family assets could predict economically vulnerable college students’ positive adjustment, even when personality variables and other resilience measurements were statistically controlled. The results of this study support the internal consistency reliability and construct validity of the four scales in the assessment tool as an instrument to measure resilience.