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    政大機構典藏 > 學術期刊 > Issues & Studies > 期刊論文 >  Item 140.119/114990
    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/114990


    題名: The Missing Public Interest in Land: Auctions of Public Land in Taipei City
    作者: LIN, TZU-CHIN
    CHENG, YUN-TING
    關鍵詞: Public land auctions;public interest;land taxation
    日期: 2016-12
    上傳時間: 2017-12-04 17:23:11 (UTC+8)
    摘要: One of the fundamental services a modern government shall furnish is affordable housing. The ratio of the housing price to household income in Taipei has in recent years reached an astonishing figure of 15. Taipei has long suffered from a lack of readily available sites for residential development. In addition to monetary and fiscal policies, a supply-oriented and location-specific measure is therefore called for. In this vein, the supply of public land in the market has become a promising policy alternative. In spite of that, public land is an asset that belongs to all citizens. Therefore, sales of public land shall meet three conditions so as not to violate the requirement of the public interest. First of all, the price of land sold to private developers shall reflect the reasonable price that the parcel expects to fetch in the market. Secondly, the land sold to the developers shall be quickly developed in accordance with its highest and best use, and not instead remain idle. Finally, no excessive profits shall be obtained from the land by the developers when the land is later developed and houses are sold. Our empirical evidence on auctions of public land in Taipei between 2006 and 2014 provides some disappointing findings. On average, public land is worth 1.37 times more than its auctioned price. In addition, nearly 90% of undeveloped public land has been idle for more than three years after being auctioned. Besides, the effective rates of land value tax and land value increment tax are on average 0.155% and 1.01%, respectively. We therefore conclude that the auctioning of public land in Taipei has operated against the public interest. We suggest that the government in future consider both fiscal and physical measures to improve the uses of public land. However, taxation shall remain the cornerstone of the policy package.
    關聯: Issues & Studies,52(4), 1640003
    資料類型: article
    DOI 連結: https://doi.org/10.1142/S1013251116400038
    DOI: 10.1142/S1013251116400038
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