English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  全文筆數/總筆數 : 83083/111976 (74%)
造訪人次 : 21733220      線上人數 : 844
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
搜尋範圍 查詢小技巧:
  • 您可在西文檢索詞彙前後加上"雙引號",以獲取較精準的檢索結果
  • 若欲以作者姓名搜尋,建議至進階搜尋限定作者欄位,可獲得較完整資料
  • 進階搜尋
    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/118309


    題名: 實力為和平之母: 以美國的嚇阻戰略與北韓核武危機為例
    Peace Through Strength: U.S. Deterrence Strategy and the North Korea Nuclear Crisis
    作者: 程鳳
    Ching, Joey Lynn
    貢獻者: 柯惠敏
    Ko, Ariel Hui-Min
    程鳳
    Ching, Joey Lynn
    關鍵詞: 美國
    北韓
    朝鮮
    美國北韓的關係
    嚇阻戰略
    北韓核武危機
    核武
    United States of America
    North Korea
    North Korea
    US-North Korea relations
    Deterrence strategy
    North Korea nuclear crisis
    Nuclear weapon
    日期: 2018
    上傳時間: 2018-07-03 17:37:57 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 這篇論文研究旨在尋求下列問題的答案:美國如何有效完成不與北韓互相攻擊的策略?從二零一七到二零一八年,北韓的核武危機喚起美國政府重新認識到核武對國家安全的重要性。北韓的核武及導彈試驗,提升了川普與金正恩之間的緊張局勢。也是首次再現自冷戰後,發生核子戰爭的可能性。當北韓的核武能力日益增強的同時,專家們建議川普當局應該改弦易轍,以嚇阻核武攻擊代替解除北韓的核武力量。

    因此,本論文有兩個目的:
    第一:文章中提出四個有效對北韓提高核武威脅的策略。它們是軍事能力,政府執行承諾的意願,認知能力,國際法令。
    第二:用上述四項準則以分析川普當局對北韓的策略,同時如何印象到兩國之間的關係
    This research seeks to answer the following question: What conditions are necessary for US deterrence strategies to be effective against North Korea? The 2017-2018 North Korea nuclear crisis has revived the importance of deterrence within US national strategy. Given North Korea’s nuclear and ballistic missile tests, and the escalating tensions between the Trump Administration and Kim Jong-un’s regime, it appears that for the first time since the Cold War, nuclear war is a valid possibility. As North Korea’s nuclear capabilities became increasingly viable, scholars have encouraged the Trump Administration to shift its focus away from compelling denuclearization to deterring nuclear attack. Therefore, this paper serves two purposes. First, this paper proposes a criterion for effective deterrence comprised of four factors that increase threat credibility: military capability, political will, perception, and legitimacy. Second, this criterion is used to evaluate US strategic deterrence under the Trump Administration, and its influence on US-North Korea relations.
    參考文獻: Acton, James M. “North Korea: In Deterrence We Trust.” The Diplomat, September 12, 2017. https://thediplomat.com/2017/09/north-korea-in-deterrence-we-trust/.

    Albert, Eleanor. “North Korea’s Military Capabilities.” Council on Foreign Relations,
    April 20, 2018. Accessed May 20, 2018. https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/north-koreas-military-capabilities.

    Allen, John, Richard Bush, Robert Einhorn, Steven Pifer, Jonathan Pollack, Evans Revere.
    “Averting Catastrophe: US Policy Options for North Korea.” Brookings Institute (2017): 3-21. https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/fp_201704_
    north_korea_avoiding_catastrophe.pdf

    “An Assessment of U.S. Military Power.” The Heritage Foundation. Last modified 2018.
    Accessed April 26, 2018. https://www.heritage.org/military-strength/an-assessment-of-us-military-power.

    Anderson, Nicholas D. “Explaining North Korea’s Nuclear Ambitions: Power and Position on
    the Korean Peninsula.” Australian Journal of International Affairs 71, no. 6 (2017): 621-641. https://campuspress.yale.edu/nickanderson/files/2017/04/Anderson-2017-Explaining-North-Koreas-Nuclear-Ambitions-website-1dcnbpz.pdf

    Arms Control Association. “The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) at a Glance.” Last
    modified August 17, 2012. Accessed May 21, 2018. https://www.armscontrol.org/fact
    sheets/nptfact.

    Ashley, Sean Paul. “The Iranian Nuclear Program: Realist vs. Constructivist Models.” PhD
    Dissertation. Princeton University, 2012.

    Australian Institute of Criminology. “Understanding Deterrence.” AICrime Reduction Matters,
    no. 7 (2004):1. https://aic.gov.au/publications/crm/crm027.

    Badie, Dina. “Groupthink, Iraq, and the War on Terror: Explaining US Policy Shift toward Iraq.”
    Foreign Policy Analysis 6, no. 4 (October 2010): 277-296. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-8594.2010.00113.x.

    Baker, Peter, and Choe Sang-Hun. “With Snap ‘Yes’ in Oval Office, Trump Gambles on North
    Korea.” New York Times, March 10, 2018. https://nyti.ms/2DhrbxV.

    Baker, Peter, and Somini Sengupta. “Trump Moves to Widen U.S. Sanctions on North Korea.”
    New York Times, September 21, 2017. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/21/world/
    asia/trump-korea-japan.html.

    Bandow, Doug. “To Stop North Korea, Deterrence Will Beat War Every Time.” National
    Interest, December 23, 2017. http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-skeptics/stop-north-korea-deterrence-will-beat-war-every-time-23777.

    Batchelor, Tom. “North Korea threatens ‘unimaginable’ strike on US after military drills.” The
    Independent, October 19, 2017. Accessed April 13, 2018. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/north-korea-latest-donald-trump-kim-jong-un-us-attack-drills-unimaginable-strike-nuclear-war-a8009821.html.

    Beinart, Peter. “Trump Doesn’t Seem to Buy His Own National Security Strategy.” The Atlantic,
    December 19, 2017. https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2017/12/nss-trump-principled-realism/548741/.

    Bennett, Brian. “How Talks with North Korea Convinced Trump to Scrap the Iran Deal.” Time
    Magazine, May 8, 2018. http://time.com/5269958/iran-nuclear-deal-donald-trump-north-korea/.

    Berlinger, Joshua and Taehoon Lee. “Nuclear test conducted by North Korea, country claims;
    South Korea responds with drills.” CNN, September 4, 2017. http://edition.cnn.com/2017/09/03/asia/north-korea-nuclear-test/index.html.

    Blatter, Joachim. Encyclopedia Britannica. “Legitimacy.” Accessed April 13, 2018.
    https://www.britannica.com/topic/legitimacy.

    Borak, Donna. “North Korea sanctions: Here’s what Trump did.” CNN Money, September 21,
    2017. http://money.cnn.com/2017/09/21/news/economy/us-north-korea-sanctions-explainer/index.html.

    Breuninger, Kevin. “Another national security official departs Trump administration as John
    Bolton cleans house.” CNBC, April 12, 2018. https://www.cnbc.com/2018/04/12/john-bolton-pushes-out-deputy-national-security-advisor-rick-waddell.html.

    Broad, William J., Mika Grondahl, Josh Keller, Alicia Parlapiano, Anjali Singhvi, and Karen
    Yourish. “This Missile Could Reach California. But Can North Korea Use It With a Nuclear Weapon?” New York Times, September 3, 2017. https://www.nytimes.com/
    interactive/2017/08/22/world/asia/north-korea-nuclear-weapons.html.

    Brunnstrom, David, Matt Spetalnick, Christine Kim. “Trump cancels summit with North Korea’s
    Kim, warns that military ready.” Reuters, May 24, 2018. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-northkorea-missiles/north-korea-blows-up-nuclear-test-site-amid-doubts-over-summit-idUSKCN1IP1RY.

    Bueno de Mesquita, Bruce. “Perceptions, Deterrence, and Terrorism.” In Principles of
    International Politics: People’s Power, Preferences, and Perceptions, 320-345. Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 2000.

    Bueno de Mesquita, Bruce, and Randolph M. Siverson. “War and the Survival of Political
    Leaders: A Comparative Study of Regime Types and Political Accountability.” The American Political Science Review 89 no. 4 (December 1995): 841-855. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2082512

    Burkle, Frederick M. “Antisocial Personality Disorder and Pathological Narcissism in Prolonged
    Conflicts and Wars of the 21st Century.” Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness 10, no. 1 (February 2016): 118-128. https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2015.113.

    Calamur, Krishnadev. “Nine Notorious Dictators, Nine Shout-Outs From Donald Trump.” The
    Atlantic, March 4, 2018. Accessed May 2, 2018. https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2018/03/trump-xi-jinping-dictators/554810/.

    Center for Strategic and International Studies. “Missiles of North Korea.” Missile Defense
    Project. Last modified 2018. Accessed May 21, 2018. https://missilethreat.csis.org/
    country/dprk/.

    Chen, Stephen. “North Korea’s nuclear test site has collapsed… and that may be why Kim Jong-
    un suspended tests.” South China Morning Post, April 25, 2018.
    http://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy-defence/article/2143171/north-koreas-nuclear-test-site-has-collapsed-and-may-be-why-kim-jong-un.

    Cohen, Zachary. “Missile threat alert for Hawaii a false alarm; officials blame employee who
    pushed ‘wrong button.” CNN Politics, January 14, 2018. https://edition.cnn.com/2018/01/13/politics/hawaii-missile-threat-false-alarm/index.html.

    Cohen, Zachary and Richard Roth. “UN passes fresh sanctions on North Korea.” CNN Politics,
    September 12, 2017. http://edition.cnn.com/2017/09/11/politics/north-korea-un-security-council-vote/index.html

    Constitute Project. Korea (Democratic People’s Republic of)’s Constitution of 1972 with
    Amendments through 1998. Chapter 1.

    "The Constitution of the United States," Article 1, Section 8.

    Copeland, Dale C. “The Constructivist Challenge to Structural Realism.” International Security
    25, no. 2 (Autumn 2000): 187-212.

    Cronk, Terri Moon. “Strategic Deterrence More than Nuclear, Stratcom Commander Says.” DoD
    News, Defense Media Activity, April 4, 2017. https://www.defense.gov/News/Article/Article/1140561/strategic-deterrence-more-than-nuclear-stratcom-commander-says/.

    Davenport, Kelsey. “Chronology of U.S.-North Korean Nuclear and Missile Diplomacy.” Arms
    Control Association, May 24, 2018. Accessed May 22, 2018. https://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/dprkchron.

    De Luce, Dan and Keith Johnson. “Tillerson’s Exit Could Doom the Iran Nuclear Deal.” Foreign
    Policy, March 13, 2018. http://foreignpolicy.com/2018/03/13/tillersons-exit-could-doom-the-iran-nuclear-deal/.

    Delk, Josh. “Corker: Trump’s ‘unpredictability’ helps him in negotiations.” The Hill, January 1,
    2018. http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/370531-corker-trumps-unpredictability-is-working.

    “‘Denuclearization of North’ Can Not Be Condition for Dialogue: Federation of Koreans in
    U.S.” KCNA, November 16, 2017.

    DeWees, Brad. “The Psychology of Perceiving Uncertainty.” War on the Rocks, March 23, 2018.
    Accessed May 10, 2018. https://warontherocks.com/2018/03/the-psychology-of-perceiving-uncertainty/.

    Dixon, Tom. “Assessing the Success of Self-Reliance: North Korea’s Juche Ideology.” PhD
    Dissertation. Newcastle University, 2010.

    “Donald Trump’s File.” PolitiFact. Last modified May 2, 2018. Accessed May 5, 2018.
    http://www.politifact.com/personalities/donald-trump/.

    “DPRK Vice FM Blasts Australian PM's Insult to DPRK.” KCNA, November 16, 2017.

    “DPRK’s Stand on Reform of UNSC Clarified.” Rodong Sinmun, November 14, 2017.

    Duelfer, Charles A., and Stephen Benedict Dyson. “Chronic Misperception and International
    Conflict: The U.S.-Iraq Experience.” International Security 36, no. 1 (Summer 2011): 73-100/ https://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/pdf/10.1162/ISEC_a_00045.

    Encyclopedia Britannica. “Compellence.” Accessed March 23, 2018.
    https://www.britannica.com/topic/compellence.

    Encyclopedia Britannica. “Deterrence.” Accessed March 23, 2018.
    https://www.britannica.com/topic/deterrence-political-and-military-strategy.

    Encyclopedia Britannica. “Fight-or-flight response.” Accessed April 28, 2018.
    https://www.britannica.com/science/fight-or-flight-response.

    Encyclopedia Britannica. “War Powers Act.” Accessed April 28, 2018.
    https://www.britannica.com/topic/War-Powers-Act.

    Encyclopedia Britannica. “weapon of mass destruction (WMD).” Last modified November 14,
    2007. Accessed April 27, 2017. https://global.britannica.com/technology/weapon-of-mass-destruction.

    Fearon, James D. “Domestic Political Audiences and the Escalation of International Disputes.”
    The American Political Science Review 88, no. 3 (September 1994): 577-592. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2944796.

    Fearon, James D. “Signaling Foreign Policy Interests: Tying Hands versus Sinking Costs.” The
    Journal of Conflict Resolution 41, no. 1 (February 1997): 68-90. http://www.jstor.org/stable/174487.

    Ferdinando, Lisa. “Trump, Mattis Hail Spending Bill to Fund Strongest Military Ever.” DoD
    News, Defense Media Activity. March 23, 2018. https://www.defense.gov/News/Article/Article/1474925/trump-mattis-hail-spending-bill-to-fund-strongest-military-ever/.

    Fifield, Anna. “North Korea says it will suspend nuclear and missile tests, shut down test site.”
    Washington Post, April 20, 2018. https://wapo.st/2HjsSSj?tid=ss_mail&utm_term
    =.61e5ea53e451.

    Fifield, Anna. “North Korea’s definition of ‘denuclearization’ is very different from Trump’s.”
    Washington Post, April 9, 2018. https://wapo.st/2qjao97?tid=ss_mail&utm_
    term=.8f8fbb52fc5a.

    Friedman, Edward. “Nuclear Blackmail and the End of the Korean War.” Modern China 1, no. 1
    (Jan 1975): 75-91.

    Fuchs, Michael H. “Trump’s Doctrine of Unpredictability.” Democracy Journal, January 26,
    2018. https://democracyjournal.org/arguments/trumps-doctrine-of-unpredictability/.

    Gady, Franz-Stefan. “Trump, Moon Reach Final Agreement to Scrap Warhead Limits for
    Ballistic Missiles.” The Diplomat, November 8, 2017. https://thediplomat.com/2017/11/trump-moon-reach-final-agreement-to-scrap-warhead-limits-for-ballistic-missiles/.

    Gaertner, Heinz. “North Korea, Deterrence, and Engagement.” Defense & Security Analysis 30,
    no. 4 (2014): 336-345. http://homepage.univie.ac.at/heinz.gaertner/wp-content/2013/11/Korea_Naumann_Gaertner_EDIT_PS.pdf

    George, Alexander L., and Richard Smoke. Deterrence in American Foreign Policy: Theory and
    Practice. New York: Columbia University Press, 1974.

    Gerson, Michael S. “The Future of U.S. Nuclear Policy: The Case for No First Use.” Quarterly
    Journal: International Security (February 2011): 1-5.

    Glaser, Charles. “Realism.” In Contemporary Security Studies, 3rd Edition. Edited by Alan
    Collins, 13-27. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Godfrey, Elaine. “The Psychiatrist Telling Congress Trump Could Be Involuntarily Committed.”
    The Atlantic, January 12, 2018. https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2018/01/
    bandy-lee/550193/.

    Griffin, Andrew. “Officials put Trump’s name in ‘as many memo paragraphs as we can because
    he keeps reading if he’s mentioned.’” The Independent, May 17, 2018. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/donald-trump-intelligence-reports-white-house-read-them-mentioned-name-president-a7740726.html.

    “Groupthink.” Psychology Today. Last modified 2018. Accessed May 1, 2018.
    https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/basics/groupthink.

    Haltiwanger, John. “Do Americans Want War with North Korea? Majority of U.S Public is
    Against Military Interventions, Poll Says.” Newsweek, January 9, 2018. http://www.newsweek.com/war-north-korea-military-interventions-poll-775636.

    Hannity, Sean. “Trump: America has to be ‘less predictable,’ Obama an ‘unbelievable divider,’”
    Fox News, November 3, 2015. http://www.foxnews.com/transcript/2015/11/03/trump-america-has-to-be-less-predictable-obama-unbelievable-divider.html.

    Hart, Paul’t. “Irving L. Janis’ Victims of Groupthink.” Political Psychology 12, no. 2 (June
    1991): 247-278. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3791464.

    Helsel, Phil, Jonathan Allen, and Dennis Romero. “Trump cheered at Michigan rally, roasted in
    absence at correspondents’ dinner.” NBC News, April 29, 2018. https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/politics-news/trump-bashes-media-claims-credit-korea-talks-michigan-rally-n869836.

    Henderson, Gregory. “Korea.” In Divided Nations in a Divided World, edited by Gregory
    Henderson, Richard Ned Lebow, and John G. Stoessinger, 42-96. New York: David McKay Co., 1974.

    Holland, Steve and Lesley Wroughton. “Differences on North Korea key to Trump’s Tillerson
    decision: sources.” Reuters, March 15, 2018. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-tillerson/differences-on-north-korea-key-to-trumps-tillerson-decision-sources-idUSKCN1GQ3CD.

    “HR McMaster: Why did Trump dump national security adviser?” BBC News, March 22, 2018.
    http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-39033934.

    Immelman, Aubrey. “The Leadership Style of U.S. President Donald J. Trump.” St. John’s
    University and the College of St. Benedict, Unit for the Study of Personality in Politics, January 2017. Accessed April 29, 2018. https://digitalcommons.csbsju.edu/
    psychology_pubs/107/.

    Immelman, Aubrey. “The Personality Profile of Kim Jong-un,” St. John’s University and the
    College of St. Benedict, Unit for the Study of Personality in Politics. April 26, 2018. Accessed May 1, 2018. http://personality-politics.org/the-personality-profile-of-north-korean-supreme-leader-kim-jong-un.

    “Incapacitation [Sentencing] Law and Legal Definition.” USLegal.com. Last modified 2016.
    Accessed March 23, 2018. https://definitions.uslegal.com/i/incapacitation-sentencing/.

    International Institutions and Global Governance Program. “The Global Nuclear
    Nonproliferation Regime.” Council on Foreign Relations, May 21, 2012. Accessed May 20, 2018. https://www.cfr.org/report/global-nuclear-nonproliferation-regime.

    “Iraq study estimates war-related deaths at 461,000.” BBC, October 18, 2013.
    http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-24547256.

    Jervis, Robert. Perception and Misperception in International Politics. Princeton: Princeton
    University Press, 1976.

    Ji, Yewon. “Three Paradigms of North Korea’s Nuclear Ambitions.” Journal of Political Inquiry
    2 (2009): 1-14.

    Jones, Jeffrey M. “Support for Iraq Military Action Low in Historical Context.” Gallup, June 25,
    2014. Accessed April 29, 2018. http://news.gallup.com/poll/171968/support-iraq-military-action-low-historical-context.aspx.

    Jost, John T. “Resistance to Change: A Social Psychological Perspective.” Social Research 82,
    no. 3 (Fall 2015): 607-636.

    Kaempfer, William H., and Anton D. Lowenberg. “The Theory of International Economic
    Sanctions: A Public Choice Approach.” The American Economic Review 78, no. 4 (September 1988): 786-793.

    Kahl, Colin and John Wolfsthal. “John Bolton Is a National Security Threat.” Foreign Policy,
    March 23, 2018. http://foreignpolicy.com/2018/03/23/john-bolton-is-a-national-security-threat/.

    Kahlilzad, Zalmay. “Trump Has Unveiled a Strong National Security Strategy.” National
    Interest, December 26, 2017. Accessed April 26, 2018. http://nationalinterest.org/feature/trump-has-unveiled-strong-national-security-strategy-23807.

    Kaiman, Jonathan. “North Korea threatens to turn U.S. mainland into a ‘theater of nuclear war.’”
    Los Angeles Times, August 9, 2017. Accessed April 13, 2018. http://www.latimes.com/politics/washington/la-na-essential-washington-updates-north-korea-threatens-to-turn-u-s-1502294652-htmlstory.html

    “KAPPC Spokesman on DPRK Stand toward UNSC ‘Sanctions Resolution.’” KCNA, September
    12, 2017. Accessed May 10, 2018. https://kcnawatch.co/newstream/1505345461-35556086/kappc-spokesman-on-dprk-stand-toward-unsc-sanctions-resolution/.

    Karimi, Faith and James Griffiths. “North Korea calls latest UN sanctions ‘an act of war.’” CNN
    Politics, December 25, 2017. Accessed April 13, 2018. https://edition.cnn.com/2017/12/24/politics/north-korea-un-resolution-response/index.html.

    Katz, Josh. “Who Will Be President.” New York Times, November 8, 2016.
    https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/upshot/presidential-polls-forecast.html.

    Kessler, Glenn, Salvador Rizzo, and Meg Kelly. “President Trump has made 3,001 false or
    misleading claims so far.” Washington Post, May 1, 2018. Accessed May 1, 2018. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/fact-checker/wp/2018/05/01/president-trump-has-made-3001-false-or-misleading-claims-so-far/?utm_term=.d3d231127254.

    Khan, Mujeeb R. Encyclopedia Britannica. “Coercion.” Accessed March 23, 2018.
    https://www.britannica.com/topic/coercion.

    Kim, Christine and Jane Chung. “North Korea 2016 economic growth at 17-year high despite
    sanctions: South Korea.” Reuters, July 21, 2017. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-northkorea-economy-gdp/north-korea-2016-economic-growth-at-17-year-high-despite-sanctions-south-korea-idUSKBN1A607Z.

    Kim, Jack. “Trump agrees to sell South Korea arms worth billions of dollars as treat from North
    grows.” The Independent, September 2, 2017. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/america-agrees-sale-arms-military-billions-dollars-south-korea-seoul-donald-trump-president-moon-jae-a7925591.html.

    Kirgis. Frederic L. “International Agreements and U.S. Law.” American Society of International
    Law Insights 2, no. 5 (May 27, 1997). https://www.asil.org/insights/volume/2/issue/
    5/international-agreements-and-us-law.

    Kong, Kanga. “U.S.-South Korea Military Drills to Test Kim’s Desire for Talks.” Bloomberg,
    March 20, 2018. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/
    2018-03-20/u-s-south-korea-military-drills-to-start-april-1-pentagon-says.

    Kozhanov, Nikolay A. “U.S. Economic Sanctions against Iran: Undermined by External
    Factors,” Middle East Policy Council 18, no. 3 (Fall 2011): 144-160.

    Krieger, David. “Ten Serious Flaws in Nuclear Deterrence Theory.” Nuclear Age Peace
    Foundation, February 7, 2011. https://www.wagingpeace.org/ten-serious-flaws-in-nuclear-deterrence-theory/.

    Kruse, Michael. “‘I Need Loyalty.’” Politico Magazine, March/April 2018. Accessed May 2,
    2018. https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2018/03/06/donald-trump-loyalty-staff-2 17227.

    Kuo, Mercy A. “Kim Jong-un’s Political Psychology Profile: Insights from Ken Dekleva.” The
    Diplomat, October 17, 2017. https://thediplomat.com/2017/10/kim-jong-uns-political-psychology-profile/.

    Lacy, Dean, and Emerson M.S. Niou. “A Theory of Economic Sanctions and Issue Linkage: The
    Roles of Preferences, Information, and Threats.” The Journal of Politics 66, no. 1 (February 2004): 25-42.

    Lake, Eli. “Washington Loves McMaster, but Trump Doesn’t.” Bloomberg, May 8, 2017.
    https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-05-08/washington-loves-general-mcmaster-but-trump-doesn-t.

    Lamrani, Omar. “Against North Korea, Deterrence Of A Different Kind.” Forbes Magazine,
    October 5, 2017. https://www.forbes.com/sites/stratfor/2017/10/05/against-north-korea-deterrence-of-a-different-kind/#1dbb95f84f43.

    Landler, Mark. “The Trump-Kim Summit Was Unprecedented, but the Statement Was Vague.”
    New York Times, June 12, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/12/world/asia/north-korea-summit.html.

    Landler, Mark. “Trump Backs Away From Demand for Immediate North Korean
    Denuclearization.” New York Times, May 22, 2018. https://nyti.ms/2LlI1Bc

    Lanouette, William. “Civilian Control of Nuclear Weapons.” Arms Control Today, May 8, 2009.
    Accessed April 29, 2018. https://www.armscontrol.org/act/2009_5/Lanouette.

    “Letter to UN Secretary-General.” KCNA, November 16, 2017.

    Liptak, Kevin. “Trump ramps up pressure to get North Korea summit on track.” CNN Politics,
    May 28, 2018. https://edition.cnn.com/2018/05/28/politics/north-korea-trump-summit/index.html.

    Liptak, Kevin, and Joshua Berlinger. “Trump misrepresents North Korea nuclear agreement.”
    CNN Politics, June 22, 2018. Accessed June 23, 2018. https://edition.cnn.com/2018/06/21/politics/trump-north-korea-nuclear-agreement/index.html.

    Majumdar, Dave. “Trump Unveils His New National Security Strategy.” National Interest,
    December 18, 2017. http://nationalinterest.org/feature/trump-unveils-his-new-national-security-strategy-23703.

    Maxwell, David. “What to Make of North Korea.” The Diplomat, April 11, 2013.
    https://thediplomat.com/2013/04/what-to-make-of-north-korea/.

    McAdams, Dan P. “The Mind of Donald Trump.” The Atlantic, June 2016. Accessed April 28,
    2018. https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2016/06/the-mind-of-donald-t rump/480771/.

    McDevitt, Michael. “Deterring North Korean Provocations.” Brookings Institute, February
    7, 2011. https://www.brookings.edu/research/deterring-north-korean-provocations/.

    McMaster, H.R., and Gary D. Cohn. “America First Doesn’t Mean America Alone.” The Wall
    Street Journal, May 30, 2017. https://www.wsj.com/articles/america-first-doesnt-mean-america-alone-1496187426.

    Mearsheimer, John J. “Structural Realism.” In International Relations Theories: Discipline and
    Diversity. Edited by Tim Dunne, Milja Kurki, and Steve Smith, 71-88. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.

    Miller, S.A. “Trump praises Kim Jong-un: ‘Very open and very honorable.’” Washington Times,
    April 24, 2018. https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018 /apr/24/trump-praises-kim-jong-un-very-open-very-honorable/.

    Mitchell, A. Wess. “The Case for Deterrence by Denial.” American Interest, August 12,
    2015. https://www.the-american-interest.com/2015/08/12/the-case-for-deterrence-by-denial/.

    Morello, Carol. “IAEA confirms Iran is meeting its commitments under nuclear agreement.”
    Washington Post, November 13, 2017. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/iaea-confirms-iran-is-meeting-its-commitments-under-nuclear-deal/2017/11/13/8d9b9fb0-c893-11e7-b0cf-7689a9f2d84e_story.html.

    Morgan, Patrick M. Deterrence: A Conceptual Analysis. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, Inc.,
    1977.

    Morgan, Patrick M. “Deterrence and System Management: The Case of North Korea.” Conflict
    Management and Peace Science 23, no 2 (2006): 121-138.

    Mulgan, Aurelia George. “Time to Consider ‘Active Deterrence’ of North Korea.” The
    Diplomat, September 05, 2017. https://thediplomat.com/2017/09/time-to-consider-active-deterrence-of-north-korea/.

    Mundy, Timothy S. “Casualty Aversion: Dispelling the Myth.” Monograph, School of Advanced
    Military Studies, United States Army Command and General Staff College, 1999.

    The National Committee on North Korea. A History of U.S.-DPRK Relations. By Daniel Wertz
    and Chelsea Gannon. November 2015.

    The National Committee on North Korea. Issue Brief: DPRK Diplomatic Relations. By Daniel
    Wertz, JJ Oh, and Kim Insung. August 2016.

    NCC Staff. “Executive Orders 101: What are they and how do Presidents use them?” National
    Constitution Center, January 23, 2017. Accessed April 28, 2018. https://constitutioncenter.org/blog/executive-orders-101-what-are-they-and-how-do-presidents-use-them/.

    Neuman, Scott. “U.S., South Korea Begin Massive Military Exercises.” National Public Radio,
    December 4, 2017. https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/12/04/568263780/u-s-south-korea-begin-massive-military-exercises.

    Nilsson-Wright, John. “North Korea’s Tight Line Between Deterrence and Escalation.” Chatham
    House, November 30, 2017. https://www.chathamhouse.org/expert/comment/north-koreas-tight-line-between-deterrence-and-escalation.

    North Atlantic Treaty Organization. “A Political and Military Alliance.” Accessed May 21,
    2018. https://www.nato.int/nato-welcome/index.html#basic

    North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The North Atlantic Treaty. April 4, 1949. Washington, D.C.

    “North Korea nuclear tests: What did they achieve?” BBC News, September 3, 2017.
    http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-17823706.

    “North Korea says new missile puts all of US in striking range.” BBC News, November 29, 2017.
    http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-42162462.

    “North Korea’s nuclear programme: How advanced is it?” BBC News, August 10, 2017. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-11813699.

    Nye, Joseph S., Jr. The Future of Power. New York, NY: PublicAffairs, 2011.

    Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear Matters. “Chapter 1: Nuclear
    Deterrence – U.S. Policy and Strategy.” In Nuclear Matters Handbook 2016.

    Oxford Dictionary. “Credibility.” Accessed March 29, 2018. https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/
    definition/credibility.

    Oxford Dictionary. “Legitimacy.” Accessed May 10, 2018. https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/
    definition/legitimacy.

    Oxford Dictionary. “Overmatch.” Accessed April 26, 2018. https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/
    definition/overmatch.

    Oxford Dictionary. “Political will.” Accessed April 26, 2018. https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/
    definition/political_will

    Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. “Fog of war.” Encyclopedia.com. Accessed May 3,
    2018. https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/fog-war.

    Parker, Clifton B. “Why nuclear deterrence can work on North Korea.” Center for International
    Security and Cooperation, November 14, 2017. https://cisac.fsi.stanford.edu/news/why-nuclear-deterrence-can-work-north-korea.

    Pence, Mike. “Statements from Vice President Mike Pence on North Korea.” The White House,
    March 9, 2018. Accessed March 24 2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/statement-vice-president-mike-pence-north-korea-2/.

    Philps, Alan. “The Obama doctrine.” Chatham House (April & May 2016). Accessed
    November 1, 2017. https://www.chathamhouse.org/publications/twt/obama-doctrine.

    Pifer, Steven, Richard C. Bush, Vanda Felbab-Brown, Martin S. Indyk, Michael O’Hanlon,
    Kenneth M. Pollack. “U.S. Nuclear and Extended Deterrence: Considerations and Challenges.” Brookings Institute 3 (May 2010). https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/06_nuclear_deterrence.pdf.

    Press, Daryl G. Calculating Credibility: How Leaders Assess Military Threats. Ithaca: Cornell
    University Press, 2005.

    Ratcliffe, Rebecca. “North Korea tops list of world’s most neglected humanitarian crises.” The
    Guardian, January 23, 2018. https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2018/jan/23/north-korea-tops-list-most-neglected-humanitarian-crises.

    Reuters Staff. “North Korea threatens to ‘counter’ U.S. over military drills.” Reuters, March 3,
    2018. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-northkorea-missiles/north-korea-threatens-to-counter-u-s-over-military-drills-idUSKCN1GF0CT

    Revere, Evans J.R., “Dealing with a nuclear-armed North Korea.” Brookings Institute,
    October 4, 2016. https://www.brookings.edu/research/dealing-with-a-nuclear-armed-north-korea/

    Revere, Evans J.R. “The Trump administration’s North Korea policy: Headed for success or
    failure?” Brookings Institute, July 10, 2017. https://www.brookings.edu/blog/order-from-chaos/2017/07/10/the-trump-administrations-north-korea-policy-headed-for-success-or-failure/.

    “Rodong Sinmun Dismisses U.S.-S. Korea Military Nexus Aggressive.” KCNA, November 16,
    2017.

    Rosett, Claudia. “Our Nagging North Korea Problem,” The Journal of International Security
    Affairs no. 27 (Fall/Winter 2014): 47-54.

    “S. Korean Expedition Stages Anti-Trump, Anti-U.S. Demo in UK.” Rodong Sinmun, November
    14, 2017.

    Sagan, Scott D. “The Korean Missile Crisis: Why Deterrence Is Still the Best Option.” Foreign
    Affairs, September 10, 2017. https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/north-korea/2017-09-10/korean-missile-crisis.

    Sang-Hun, Choe. “North and South Korea Set Bold Goals: A Final Peace and No Nuclear
    Arms.” New York Times, April 27, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/27/
    world/asia/north-korea-south-kim-jong-un.html.

    Sang-Hun, Choe. “South Korea Plans ‘Decapitation Unit’ to Try to Scare North’s Leaders.” New
    York Times, September 12, 2017. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/12/world/asia/north-south-korea-decapitation-.html?mtrref=www.google.com.tw.

    Schallhorn, Kaitlyn. “Trump on North Korea, from ‘Rocket Man’ to ‘fire and fury.’” Fox News,
    April 18, 2018. http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/04/18/trump-on-north-korea-from-rocket-man-to-fire-and-fury.html.

    Schelling, Thomas C. Arms and Influence. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1966.

    Sengupta, Somini. “After U.S. Compromise, Security Council Strengthens North Korea
    Sanctions.” New York Times, September 11, 2017. https://www.nytimes.com/
    2017/09/11/world/asia/us-security-council-north-korea.html?mcubz=1.

    Shabad, Rebecca. “Mike Pompeo promises to be a ‘talent hawk’ for the State Department.” NBC
    News, April 12, 2018. https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/congress/mike-pompeo-address-criticism-he-s-too-hawkish-secretary-state-n865271.

    Shaw, Malcolm. Encyclopedia Britannica. “International law.” Accessed May 23, 2018. https://www.britannica.com/topic/international-law.

    Sherman, Ryne A. “The Personality of Donald Trump.” Psychology Today, September 17, 2015.
    Accessed May 10, 2018. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-situation-lab/201509/the-personality-donald-trump.

    Shin, Hyonhee. “South Korea president says Trump deserves Nobel Peace Prize.” Reuters, April
    30, 2018. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-northkorea-southkorea-trump/south-korea-president-says-trump-deserves-nobel-peace-prize-idUSKBN1I10OD.

    Singh, Michael. “Trump Should Focus on Deterring North Korea.” Foreign Policy, October 17,
    2017. http://foreignpolicy.com/2017/10/17/trump-should-focus-on-deterring-north-korea/.

    Smith, Caroline, and James M. Lindsay. “Rally ‘Round the Flag: Opinion in the United States
    before and after the Iraq War.” Brookings Institute, June 1, 2003. Accessed May 10, 2018. https://www.brookings.edu/articles/rally-round-the-flag-opinion-in-the-united-states-before-and-after-the-iraq-war/.

    Smith, David. “Rex Tillerson’s firing leave US diplomacy in turmoil.” The Guardian, March 13,
    2018. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/mar/13/rex-tillerson-fired-latest-news-donald-trump.

    “South Korea and White House on talks with North: full transcript.” The Guardian, March 9,
    2018. Accessed March 24 2018. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/mar/09/south-korea-white-house-talks-north-full-transcript.

    Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. “Political Legitimacy.” Last modified April 24, 2017.
    Accessed April 13, 2018. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/legitimacy/#DesNorConLeg.

    Stelzenmuller, Constanze. “At last: The Trump Doctrine, revealed.” Brookings Institute,
    June 5, 2017. https://www.brookings.edu/blog/order-from-chaos/2017/06/05/at-last-the-trump-doctrine-revealed/.

    Sword, Rosemary K.M. and Philip Zimbardo. “The Dangerous Case of Donald Trump.”
    Psychology Today, September 28, 2017. Accessed May 2, 2018. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-time-cure/201709/the-dangerous-case-donald-trump.

    Tangeras, Thomas. “Democracy, Autocracy and the Likelihood of International Conflict.”
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics. IFN Working Paper No. 751. 2008. Accessed April 13, 2018, http://www.ifn.se/wfiles/wp/wp571.pdf.

    Tannenbaum, Melanie. “Decoding Trump-Mania: The Psychological Allure of Hating Political
    Correctness, Part 1.” Scientific American, August 14, 2015. Accessed May 10, 2018. https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/psysociety/decoding-trump-mania-the-psychological-allure-of-hating-political-correctness-part-1/.

    Terry, Sue Mi. “North Korea’s Strategic Goals and Policy towards the United States and South Korea.” International Journal of Korean Studies 17, no. 2 (Fall 2013): 63-92.

    Tobey, William. “Squaring the Nonproliferation Circle.” The Journal of International Security Affairs no. 26 (Spring/Summer 2014): 47-53.

    Trump, Donald. “Executive Order 13765, Minimizing the Economic Burden of the Patient
    Protection and Affordable Care Act Pending Repeal,” January 20, 2017. Executive Office of the President. https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2017/01/24/2017-01799/minimizing-the-economic-burden-of-the-patient-protection-and-affordable-care-act-pending-repeal.

    Trump, Donald. “Joint Statement of President Donald J. Trump of the United States of America
    and Chairman Kim Jong Un of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea at the Singapore Summit.” The White House, June 12, 2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/joint-statement-president-donald-j-trump-united-states-america-chairman-kim-jong-un-democratic-peoples-republic-korea-singapore-summit/.

    Trump, Donald. “Letter to Chairman Kim Jong Un.” The White House, May 24, 2018.
    https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/letter-chairman-kim-jong-un/.

    Trump, Donald. “President Donald J. Trump is Ending United States Participation in an
    Unacceptable Iran Deal.” The White House, May 8, 2018. Accessed May 24, 2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/president-donald-j-trump-ending-united-states-participation-unacceptable-iran-deal/.

    Trump, Donald. “Remarks by President Trump at the 2018 White House Easter Egg Roll.” The
    White House, April 2, 2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/remarks-president-trump-2018-white-house-easter-egg-roll/.

    Trump, Donald. “Remarks by President Trump in Press Gaggle.” The White House, June 15,
    2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/remarks-president-trump-press-gaggle/.

    Trump, Donald. “Transcript: Donald Trump on His Foreign Policy Views.” Interview by Maggie
    Haberman and David E. Sanger. New York Times, March 26, 2016. Accessed May 18, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/27/us/politics/donald-trump-transcript.html.

    “Trump fires Rex Tillerson as secretary of state.” BBC News, March 13, 2018. Accessed May 3, 2018. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-43388723.

    “Trump to Suspend Military Exercises on Korean Peninsula.” New York Times, June 11, 2018.
    https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/11/world/asia/trump-kim-live-updates.html.

    United Nations. General Assembly. Charter of the United Nations. June 26, 1945. http://www.un.org/en/sections/un-charter/introductory-note/index.html.

    United Nations. Secretariat. Assessment of Member States’ advances to the Working Capital
    Fund for the biennium 2018-2019 and contributions to the United Nations regular budget for 2018. ST/ADM/SER.B/973. December 29, 2017. http://undocs.org/en/ST/ADM/
    SER.B/973.

    United States, and Donald Trump. An American Budget: Budget of the U.S. Government.
    Washington, DC: Office of Management and Budget, 2018.

    United States, and Donald Trump. National Security Strategy of the United States of America.
    Washington, DC: The White House, 2017.

    “U.S. Can Never Break Korean People’s Will: Swiss Bodies.” Rodong Sinmun, November 14,
    2017. Accessed May 10, 2018. http://www.rodong.rep.kp/en/index.php?strPageID=SF01_02_01&newsID=2017-11-14-0010.

    U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations. Full Committee Hearing Authority to
    Order the Use of Nuclear Weapons. 115th Cong., November 14, 2017.

    U.S. Congress. Report on the U.S. Intelligence Community’s Prewar Intelligence Assessments on Iraq,.108th Cong., 1st sess., July 7, 2004.

    U.S. Department of Defense. “DoD 101: Overview of the Department of Defense.” Accessed
    April 28, 2018. https://www.defense.gov/About/DoD-101/.

    U.S. Department of Defense. Military and Security Developments Involving the Democratic
    People’s Republic of Korea 2015: A Report to Congress Pursuant to the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012. Washington, DC: Office of the Secretary of Defense, 2015.

    U.S. Department of Defense. Nuclear Posture Review Report. Washington, DC: Office of the
    Secretary of Defense, 2018.

    U.S. Department of Defense. Summary of the 2018 National Defense Strategy of The United
    States of America. Washington, DC: Office of the Secretary of Defense, 2018.

    U.S. Department of State. Mutual Defense Treaty Between the United States and the Republic
    of Korea. October 1, 1953.

    U.S. Department of State. “Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.” Bureau of International Security
    and Nonproliferation. https://www.state.gov/t/isn/npt/.

    U.S. Department of State. Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs. U.S. Relations with North
    Korea: Fact Sheet. October 18, 2016.

    U.S. Government Accountability Office. Measures of Military Capability: A Discussion
    Of Their Merits, Limitations, And Interrelationships. Washington, DC: US General Accounting Office, 1985.

    “U.S. majority backs military action vs. North Korea: Gallup poll.” Reuters, September 15, 2017.
    https://www.reuters.com/article/us-northkorea-missiles-usa-poll/u-s-majority-backs-military-action-vs-north-korea-gallup-poll-idUSKCN1BQ1LP.

    van Wyk, Jo-Ansie. “The International Politics of Nuclear Weapons: A Constructivist Analysis.”
    Scientia Militaria, South African Journal of Military Studies 35, no.1 (2007): 23-45.

    The White House. Our Government: The Executive Branch. Accessed April 28, 2018
    https://www.whitehouse.gov/about-the-white-house/the-executive-branch/.

    The White House. Our Government: The Legislative Branch. Accessed April 28, 2018.
    https://www.whitehouse.gov/about-the-white-house/the-legislative-branch/.

    Wendt, Alexander. Social Theory of International Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University
    Press, 1999.

    Wolf, Barry. “When the Weak Attack the Strong: Failures of Deterrence.” RAND Corporation,
    1991. https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/notes/2005/N3261.pdf.

    Woolf, Amy F. “Defense Primer: Command and Control of Nuclear Forces.” Congressional
    Research Service, December 1, 2016. Accessed April 29, 2018. https://fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/IF10521.pdf.

    “2018 Military Strength Ranking.” GlobalFirepower.com. Last modified 2018. Accessed March
    26, 2018. https://www.globalfirepower.com/countries-listing.asp.
    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    國際研究英語碩士學位學程(IMPIS)
    105862024
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1058620241
    資料類型: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.IMPIS.017.2018.A06
    顯示於類別:[國際研究英語碩士學位學程] 學位論文

    文件中的檔案:

    檔案 大小格式瀏覽次數
    024101.pdf1346KbAdobe PDF0檢視/開啟


    在政大典藏中所有的資料項目都受到原著作權保護.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - 回饋