李明博總統上台以來，由於對北韓採取強硬政策，南北韓關係陷入僵局，以往南北韓之間過去所進行的交流與對話都被停止。在此情況下，北韓祖國統一民主主義戰線的中央委員會對南韓國會提出了北韓最高人民會議與南韓國會之間接觸與協商提議。南韓國會回絕了此提議。但是，南韓國會內的主要政黨針對北韓的提議表示不同的意見與態度，大國黨與自由先進黨等保守派政黨斷然拒絕北韓的提議，民主黨與民主勞動黨等進步派政黨主張，立刻接受了北韓的提議，並尋找南北韓間對話的各種契機。南韓採取總統制，在總統制下，針對北韓政策，政府擁有決策權限，執行對北韓政策，國會沒有對北韓決策權限。因此，南韓國會對南北韓國會會談的推進受到總統與執政黨的影響。 Since President Myung-Bak Lee took office, exchanges and dialogue between South and North Korea had been stopped due to the hardline policy on North Korea, therefore North-South Korean relations had been drowned into the impasse. In this situation, North's central committee for national unification proposed contact and consultations between two Korean Parliaments against South. South Korea rejected this proposal. However South Korea's parties in Parliament expressed different views and attitudes on North Korea's proposal, which conservative parties as Grand National Party (GNP) and Liberty Forward Party categorically rejected North Korean proposal, but progressive parties as Democratic Party and Democratic Labor Party argued that accepted North Korea's proposal immediately to look for clue of dialogue between South and North Korea. South Korea was adopted presidential system. In the presidential system, The Government has decision-making authority, and to carry North Korea policy, but Parliament, there is no function on North Korea policy. Therefore propulsion of South Korea's National Assembly between North-South Parliaments exchange affect by president and ruling party.