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    Title: 兩岸九二共識的台灣不共識?網路問卷調查研究
    Consensus without Consensus? A Public Internet Questionnaire Regarding Cross-Strait 92 Consensus
    Authors: 李宜芳
    Li, Yi-Fang 
    楊仕樂
    Yang, Shih-Yueh
    Contributors: 國際關係學報
    Keywords: 兩岸關係 ; 九二共識 ; 一中各表; 族群認同 ; 台灣  
    Cross-Strait Relations ; 92 Consensus; One China with Respective Interpretations ; Ethnic Identity; Taiwan
    Date: 2018-06
    Issue Date: 2019-03-21 16:51:03 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 「九二共識」在台灣是引起高度爭議的敏感政治議題,也是目前劃分當前政治立場的關鍵指標。泛藍陣營認為「九二共識」就是「『一』個『中』國『各』自『表』述」,「各表」是指兩岸對「一中」意義有不同立場,而我方所認為的「一中」就是「中華民國」。至於泛綠陣營則根本認為,「九二共識」並不存在,「各表」不同的「一中」是泛藍陣營的一廂情願,講「一中」就是「中華人民共和國」,沒有「各表」的空間。以2016年總統大選的結果看來,民眾似乎是反對「九二共識」居多。然而,無論陳水扁執政時所說的「不會宣布獨立,不會更改國號,不會推動兩國論入憲,不會推動改變現狀的統獨公投,也沒有廢除國統綱領與國統會的問題」,或目前蔡英文政府所說的,要繼續在中華民國憲法下進行兩岸往來的「維持現狀」,其實都是拐彎抹角呈現與「九二共識」相同的內涵。既然如此,為何不能接受「九二共識」呢?對此本研究主張,反對「九二共識」其實是因為資訊的不足,且受到政治意識形態的影響,只要有良好的解說與澄清,民眾能接受的程度與幅度將大幅提升。經本文設計淺顯易懂的問卷來解說、引導之後,問卷填答者對「九二共識」的支持度確實提高了,而填答問卷後仍然堅決不支持「九二共識」者,也的確有其政治意識形態。本文並不主張所獲得的問卷結果可代表台灣全體民眾的意象,而是驗證了對「九二共識」的支持可以透過解說與引導而提高,成為化解兩岸當前僵局的解方。
    The "92 Consensus" is highly controversial in Taiwan and the key indicator identifying the political positions. The pan-blue camp thinks that the "92 consensus" means that there is only "one China," but the two sides of Taiwan Strait have different interpretations regarding "China." Taiwan side asserts that one China is "Republic of China." As for the pan-green camp, it believes that the "1992 consensus" does not exist at all, and there is no room for different interpretations regarding one "China," which is exactly the "People's Republic of China." The results of the 2016 presidential election in Taiwan seemly suggested that the majority of Taiwanese did not support the "92 consensus." Is that true? This study argues that opposition to "92 consensus" is actually due to a lack of information and political ideology. With good explanations and clarifications, Taiwanese people's support to "92 consensus" will be greatly increased.
    Relation: 國際關係學報, 45, pp.47-95
    Data Type: article
    DOI 連結: https://doi.org/10.30413/TJIR.201806_(45).0003
    DOI: 10.30413/TJIR.201806_(45).0003 
    Appears in Collections:[國際關係學報] 期刊論文

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