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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/124759


    Title: 台灣產物保險市場之核保績效實證研究
    An Empirical Study on Underwriting Performance of Taiwan Non-Life Insurance Market
    Authors: 王子祥
    Wang, Zih-Siang
    Contributors: 張士傑
    Chang, Shih-Chieh
    王子祥
    Wang, Zih-Siang
    Keywords: 核保績效
    均衡核保利潤模型
    完備資訊方法
    Underwriting performance
    Market equilibrium
    Full-information
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-08-07 16:16:16 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究根據 Fairley(1979)所提出之均衡核保利潤模型,運用財團法人保險 事業發展中心 2011-2017 年之財務及業務資訊,以各產險公司之均衡核保利潤 與實際核保利潤差異檢視公司整體核保績效,且亦透過 Ehrhardt and Bhagwat (1991)所提出之完備資訊方法(FIB),將各產險公司之核保績效深入細分為各險 種別之核保績效,實證結果顯示:
    1. 台灣各產險公司之核保獲利顯著影響了公司之整體獲利,各產險公司 之實際核保利潤與理論均衡報酬率呈現顯著正差異。
    2. 整體產險市場之一般車險核保績效較強制車險來得優異,且一般車險 與整體核保績效之正相關程度較高,顯示車險顯著影響整體核保利潤。
    3. 整體產險市場之個人險核保績效較商業險來得優異,且個人險與整體 核保績效正相關程度較高,顯示個人顯顯著影響整體核保利潤。
    In this study, we employ the financial pricing model (Fairley, 1979) and the difference between actual and equilibrium expected underwriting profits to evaluate the underwriting performance of the non-life insurance companies in Taiwan between 2011 and 2017. Then we also employ the full information industry beta method (Ehrhardt and Bhagwat, 1991) to decompose the overall underwriting performance of the non-life insurance companies into different lines. The empirical results show that:
    1. The overall profit performance is highly associated with the underwriting performance of company, and there is a significantly difference between actual and equilibrium expected underwriting profit.
    2. The underwriting performance of voluntary automobile insurance is greater than compulsory automobile insurance, and the voluntary automobile insurance is much positively correlated with the overall underwriting performance.
    3. The underwriting performance of personal insurance is greater than business insurance, and the personal insurance is much positively correlated with the overall underwriting performance.
    Reference: 中文文獻:
    張士傑、黃雅文、詹淑卿,2008。產物保險公司之核保績效:台灣市場1999-2003之實證研究,保險經營與制度,7(1),p.1-19。
    張士傑、黃雅文、張孝銓,2010。台灣產物保險市場之權益資金成本,保險經營與制度,9(2),p.127-155。

    英文文獻:
    Ehrhardt, M. C., and Y. N. Bhagwat, 1991, A Full-Information Approach for Esti- mation Divisional Betas, Financial Management, 20, p.60-69.
    Fairley, W. B., 1979, Investment Income and Profit Margins in Property-Liability Insurance: Theory and Empirical Results, The Bell Journal of Economics, 10, p.192- 210.
    Fama, E. F., 1978, The Effect of a Firm’s Investment and Financing Decisions on the Welfare of its Security Holders, American Economic Review. 68, p.272-284.
    Hill R. D., 1979, Profit Regulation in Property-Liability Insurance, Bell Journal of Economics, 10, p.172-191.
    Markowitz, H. M., 1952, Portfolio Selection, Journal of Finance, 7, p.77-97. Markowitz, H. M., 1959, Portfolio Selection: Efficient Diversification of Investments,
    New work: John Wiley & Sons.
    Munch, P., and D. E. Smallwood, 1980, Solvency Requlation in the Property-Liability Insurance Industry: Empirical Evidence, The Bell Journal of Economics, 11, p.261- 279.
    Myers, S., and R. Cohn, 1987, Insurance Rate Regulation and the Capital Asset Pricing Model. In J. D. Cummins and S. E. Harrington, eds., Fair Rate of Return in Property-Liability Insurance (Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers).
    32
    Quirin, G. D., and W. R. Waters, 1975, Market Efficiency and the Cost of Capital: The Strange Case of Fire and Casualty Insurance Companies, Journal of Finance, 30, p.427-445.
    Sharpe, W. F.,1964, Capital Asset Prices: A Theory of Market Equilibrium under Conditions of Risk, Journal of Finance, 19, p.425-442.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    風險管理與保險學系
    106358027
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0106358027
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU201900214
    Appears in Collections:[風險管理與保險學系 ] 學位論文

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