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    Title: 美國參議院對台軍售的態度:以2011對台軍售為主
    United State Senate's Attitudes on Arm Sales to Taiwan: A Case Study of the Issues related to Arm Sales in 2011
    Authors: 藤井, 正
    Tadashi, Fujii
    Contributors: 俞振華
    Yu, Eric Chen-Hua
    藤井 正
    Fujii Tadashi
    Keywords: 美國國會
    美國參議院
    對台軍售
    美台關係
    兩岸關係
    US-Taiwan- Relations
    US Congress
    Arm Sales to Taiwan
    United States Senate
    The Taiwan Strait
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-08-07 16:46:54 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本論文透過分析2011年對台軍售議題,探討美國參議員的影響力。本論文首先敘述2011年對台軍售議題的推移及演進,繼之探討美國參議院對美國外交領域的影響力及限制。本論文發現,對於此軍售議題,兩位議員不但都主導其他議員,而且用多樣的政治行為,對行政部門施壓,使得美國政府有所改變對台外交政策。據此,我發現特定議員在台灣議題上扮演很重要的角色。本論文接著用美國參議員對於此議題的四個研究對象,進行實證研究。具體來說,本研究針對台灣議題,從議員的「意識形態」、「選區經濟利益」、「委員會參與」及「台灣連線參與」等四項變數,探討美國參議員的對台態度。
    對於四項議題,由於議案形式等都不同,參議員支持各項議題的門檻出現分歧。基於上述特徵,本論文發現:美國參議員做出關於台灣議題的政治決策時,若門檻越高,四項變數對參議員的影響力越低。換言之,即使參議員多半具有支持台灣的誘因與動機,若支持台灣的門檻變得較高時,就不支持台灣,譬如可能受到美中經貿等外部因素的影響,改變對台態度。總之,多數美國參議員對台灣的態度本質上沒有穩定性與持續性。
    This thesis explores the atttiudes of US Senators on arms sales to Taiwan by analyzing the related issues in 2011. It first describes the evolution of the 2011 arms sales to Taiwan, followed by explaining the US Senate's influence and restrictions on US foreign affairs. This thesis finds that for the arms sales issues, two Senators not only dominate other members, but also use various political tactics to exert pressure on the executive branch, which makes the US government change its foreign policy toward Taiwan. In other words, we found that certain Senators play a very important role in Taiwan issue. Our empirical study focuses on four related issues and analyze Senators’attitudes toward Taiwan from four perspectives—namely, ideology, constituent economic interests, committee participation, and participation of Congressional Taiwan Caucus.
    Regarding the four issues explored here, different formations of the motions lead to different thresholds for the Senators to support the issues. Based on the abovementioned four variables, this thesis found that when the US Senators make political decisions on the Taiwan issue, the higher the threshold, the lower the influence of the four variables on Senators’ attitudes on Taiwan issues. In other words, even if the Senators have strong incentives and motivations to support Taiwan, if the threshold for supporting Taiwan becomes high, they will not support Taiwan. For example, they may be affected by external factors such as US-China trade issues and change their attitudes toward Taiwan. In short, most US Senators do not maintain stable and consistent attitudes towards Taiwan.
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    李曉崗,2005,〈推動中美貿易問題的非政治化——美國工商利益集團就給予中國永久性正常貿易關係地位的遊說.〉,《美國研究》,19(4):76-99。

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    美國在台協會,2010,〈美國對台灣軍售概要說明 – 在2010年與2008年分別宣佈了大型軍售案,金額皆為64億美元〉,
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    張光、習大明,2008,〈美國國會議員涉華提案初探〉,《國際政治科學 》,13:74-98。

    張光、習大明,2009a,〈美國國會“台灣連線”成員分佈決定因素實證分析〉,《台灣研究集刊 》,105(3):1-10。

    張光、習大明,2009b,〈美國國會眾議院中國議題連線構成動因的比較研究〉,《外交評論》,6:101-111。

    張宏國,2015,〈美國對台軍售與中國的因應:2001-2014〉,嘉義:國立中正大學戰略暨國際事務研究所。

    張植榮,2007,〈美國國會涉華聯線體制分析——以西藏問題為中心〉,《美國研究》,21(2):101-111。

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    張子介,2015,〈台灣遊說集團對美國國會的遊說——以台北經濟文化代表處和台灣人公共事務協會為例〉,《 美國研究 》,3:97-113。

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    劉恩東,2008,〈軍工複合體影響冷戰後美國對台政策的主要途徑〉,《國際資料信息》,3:9-15。

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    日文部分
    大紀元,2009,〈中国製有毒石膏ボードでシックハウス、米住宅10万戸被害〉,
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    松田康博,2012,〈第7章 馬英九政権下の米台関係〉,《情勢分析レポート》https://ir.ide.go.jp/?action=repository_action_common_download&item_id=30916&item_no=1&attribute_id=26&file_no=1,查閱時間:2019/1/31

    松橋和夫,2003,〈アメリカ連邦議会上院における立法手続〉,《レファレンス》:28-31。

    浅川公紀《アメリカ外交の政治過程》,勁草書房,2007 年。

    翻譯部分
    Daniel Kahneman著,洪蘭譯,2012,《快思慢想快思慢想》(Thinking, Fast and Slow),新北市 : 天下遠見出版。
    David C. Kozak & John D. Mccartney著,盧偉斯等譯,1994 ,《權力遊戲規則 : 國會與公共政策》(Congress and public policy : a source book of documents and readings),臺北市 : 五南出版。
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    政治學系
    1042520241
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1042520241
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU201900286
    Appears in Collections:[政治學系] 學位論文

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