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    Title: 大學生依附風格、社會支持與憂鬱之關係研究
    The relationship among Attachment Styles, Social Support, and Depression in college students
    Authors: 劉豈陌
    Liu, Kai-Mo
    Contributors: 傅如馨
    Fu, Ju-Hsin
    劉豈陌
    Liu, Kai-Mo
    Keywords: 大學生
    依附風格
    社會支持
    憂鬱
    College students
    Attachment style
    Social support
    Depression
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-08-07 17:07:08 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究旨在探討大學生依附風格、社會支持與憂鬱之關係,並引入保護因子模型,了解社會支持對於憂鬱是否具主要效果,以及在不安全依附與憂鬱間是否具緩衝作用。研究對象為台灣地區在學之大學生,以便利取樣抽取北部四所大學進行紙本問卷發放,同時蒐集網路問卷,共獲得355份有效問卷。使用的研究工具包括「人際依附風格量表」、「社會支持量表」與「台灣憂鬱情緒量表」,並以描述性統計、單因子變異數分析、淨相關與階層迴歸分析等統計方法進行資料分析,主要分析結果如下:
    一、大學生之憂鬱症狀,以情緒向度為主,身體向度與人際向度次之,認知向度則最少。
    二、大學生知覺之社會支持,在支持功能方面,以尊重的支持為主;在支持來源方面,大學生有伴侶者,以伴侶支持為主,而無伴侶者則以家人及朋友支持為主。
    三、不同依附風格之大學生,其憂鬱情形具有顯著差異。
    四、不同依附風格之大學生,其知覺的社會支持具有顯著差異。
    五、大學生安全依附與憂鬱呈正相關;焦慮依附、逃避(害怕)依附與憂鬱呈負相關,而排除依附與憂鬱之相關則未達顯著。
    六、大學生安全依附與其知覺的社會支持呈顯著正相關;焦慮依附、逃避(害怕)依附與其知覺的社會支持呈顯著負相關,而排除依附與社會支持之相關未達顯著。
    七、大學生知覺的社會支持對其憂鬱情形具有主要效果。
    八、大學生知覺的社會支持在逃避(害怕)依附與憂鬱間具有部分緩衝效果。
    九、大學生排除依附並非憂鬱之危險因子,且排除依附與情緒性支持、尊重的支持、朋友支持和家人支持會分別形成特定的交互作用。
    最後,依據本研究結果與討論,提供實務工作者、大學生以及未來研究相關建議。
    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between college students' attachment style, social support and depression, and to introduce a protective factor model to understand whether social support has a main effect on depression and whether it has a buffering effect between insecure attachment and depression. The research participants were college students studying in Taiwan. Convenient sampling method was used, and samples were collected from four northern universities with either paper or online questionnaires. A total of 355 valid questionnaires were obtained. The research tools used include the "Interpersonal Attachment Style Scale", the "Social Support Scale" and the "Taiwan Depression Scale", and the data analysis is carried out by statistical methods such as descriptive statistics, one way ANOVA, partial correlation and hierarchical regression analysis. The main analysis results are as follows:
    1. The depression symptoms of college students are mainly emotional orientation, followed by physical orientation and interpersonal orientation, and cognitive orientation is the least.
    2. College students' perceived social support, in terms of support function, is mainly with esteem support. In terms of support sources, for college students with partners, it is mainly from partner support, while for college students without partners, it is mainly from family and friends support.
    3. College students with different attachment styles have significant differences in their depression.
    4. College students with different attachment styles have significant differences in their perceived social support.
    5. The secure attachment of college students is negatively correlated with depression; preoccupied attachment, fearful attachment and depression are positively correlated, while the correlation between dismissing attachment and depression is not significant.
    6. The secure attachment of college students is significantly positively correlated with their perceived social support; preoccupied attachment, fearful attachment and their perceived social support are significantly negatively correlated, and the correlation between dismissing attachment and social support is not significant.
    7. The perceived social support of college students has a main effect on their depression.
    8. The perceived social support of college students has a partially protective-stabilizing effect between fearful attachment and depression.
    9. College students' dismissing attachment is not a risk factor for depression. In addition, dismissing attachment and emotional support, esteem support, friend support as well as family support will form a specific interaction.
    Finally, based on the results and discussions of this study, related recommendations to practitioners, college students, and future research are provided.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    輔導與諮商碩士學位學程
    104172006
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0104172006
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU201900227
    Appears in Collections:[輔導與諮商碩士學位學程] 學位論文

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