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    Title: 語言政策對民族認同的影響:以南斯拉夫塞爾維亞-克羅埃西亞語標準化進程為例
    The Impact of Language Policy to The National Identity: A Case Study of Standardization of Serbo-Croatian
    Authors: 莊慧瑾
    Chuang, Hui-Chin
    Contributors: 林蒔慧
    Lin, Shih-Hui
    莊慧瑾
    Chuang, Hui-Chin
    Keywords: 語言政策
    南斯拉夫
    塞爾維亞—克羅埃西亞語
    民族認同
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-09-05 15:32:15 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本論文的研究對象為二十世紀第二南斯拉夫的語言政策對民族認同的影響,此外,並在文中探討塞爾維亞-克羅埃西亞語的分裂以及和國家分裂的關係。
    本文分為五個章節,第一個章節為緒論,說明論文架構及問題意識;第二章為理論基礎,探討民族認同與語言的關係還有語言政策和語言規劃的原則和架構;第三章為南斯拉夫的歷史背景探討;第四章則是南斯拉夫的語言政策、語言規劃和其對民族認同的影響;最後一章為結論。本文發現塞爾維亞—克羅埃西亞語的分裂可以說是歷史發展的結果,還有與其說是語言政策對民族認同的影響,不如說是相反,是看民族認同如何影響語言政策。
    塞爾維亞-克羅埃西亞語是在十八、十九世紀的民族主義浪潮中出現的語言,當時塞爾維亞人和克羅埃西亞人開始追尋自己的民族主體,語言成了這股浪潮下的產物,後來更是建立起南斯拉夫的關鍵之一。水能載舟、亦能覆舟。語言是融合塞爾維亞人和克羅埃西亞人,讓他們能成為一個政體的關鍵,但在二十世紀後期卻也是讓他們分裂的關鍵之一。
    本文以語言分裂和民族認同為題,探討南斯拉夫的分裂。
    The thesis aims to, on the one hand, figure out how language policies have influenced national identity in Yugoslavia, and investigate the collapse of the Serbo-Croatian language.
    The Serbo-Croatian language was a cultural invention of nationalism during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Under the influence of romanticism, south Slavic scholars began to trace back who they were and tried to reconstruct their identity and to build their nation. Sharing the same spirit, Serbian linguist Vuk Karadžić and Croatian linguist Ljudevit Gaj reformed both Serbian and Croatian languages, as an approach to demonstrate their independent national identity to other Europeans. In 1850, the term “Serbo-Croatian” was coined and had existed until the end of the twentieth century. However, the term “Serbo-Croatian” was eventually collapsed and divided into “Serbian,” “Croatian,” “Bosnian,” and “Montenegrin.” The names of these languages also embody their “state-nations.”
    The thesis reaches a conclusion that language is a key to unite people; however, when the civil war broke out in 1990s, the name of this unified “language” had nonetheless become a critical site of struggles. This particular case study demonstrates how nationalism and national identities have affected language policies, instead of the other way around. It is important to emphasize that while a nation endeavors to create its “language,” such a linguistic formation would simultaneously construct its creator.
    The thesis is to provide a case study of Yugoslavia, we can see how nationalism affects language policy, but at the same time how language policy makes impact on national identity. I hope this paper can bring some insights for Taiwan's current language policy and language planning.
    Reference: 壹、中文文獻
    一、書籍
    Ernest Gellner著、李金梅譯(2000)《國族與國族主義》。臺北市:聯經。
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    二、期刊及會議論文
    田鵬(2009)〈文化民族主義與前南斯拉夫地區的民族語言問題〉,《世界民族》,西安:頁14-22。
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    蔡芬芳(2008)〈語言與國族認同〉《新世紀智庫論壇》,第42期(2008.06.30),頁110-121。
    三、論文
    江秉彝(2008)〈南斯拉夫疆界與民族衝突 (1991-2006)〉,東海大學政治學研究所,碩士學位論文。
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    林倩宇(2015)〈團結工聯與波蘭民主化之研究〉,臺北:政治大學,碩士學位論文。
    葉俊呈(2012)〈土耳其語言改革與民族認同──從語言邊界切入分析〉,臺北:政治大學,碩士學位論文。
    四、網路資料左婭(2007)《克羅地亞》。北京:社會科學文獻出版社。擷取日期:2019年5月25日,檢自https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%85%8B%E7%BD%97%E5%9C%B0%E4%BA%9A白惠蘭(2014)〈「本土語言之教學迷思」系列〉。未出版之原始資料。
擷取日期:2019年6月11日,檢自
http://210.240.193.239/TMMVF02/files/archive/44_ebf6885e.pdf
    國立台灣師範大學地理系〈種族、民族與族群〉,未出版之講義。擷取日期:2019年6月11日,檢自http://www1.geo.ntnu.edu.tw/~moise/Data/Books/Social/03%20race%20and%20ethnic%20groups/race%20and%20ethnicity.doc
    教育部國語辭典簡編本〈族群〉。擷取日期:2019年6月11日,檢自http://dict.concised.moe.edu.tw/cgi-bin/jbdic/gsweb.cgi語言政策,維基百科頁面。擷取日期:2019年6月11日,檢自https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E8%AA%9E%E8%A8%80%E6%94%BF%E7%AD%96

    貳、英文文獻
    1.Books
    Armstrong, Nigel, MacKenzie , Ian E. (2012). Standardization, Ideology and Linguistics, Palgrave Macmillan.
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    Bellamy, Alex J. (2003). The formation of Croatian national identity, Manchester University Press, pp. 138–140
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    Mitchell Young. (2011). Language and nation: an analysis of croatian linguistic nationalism. (Master's thesis) Retrieved 11 June, from http://sdsu-dspace.calstate.edu/bitstream/handle/10211.10/1223/young_mitchell.pdf?sequence=1
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    參、俄文文獻
    1.Books
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    Катунин, Д.А.(2008). Статус языков в современном сербском законодательстве как реализация языковой политики государства., Вестник Томского государственного университета., Томск
    ——(2008). Статус языков в современном сербском законодательстве как реализация языковой политики государства., Вестник Томского государственного университета
    ——(2010). Современное языковое законодательство Хорватии: становление и тенденции., Вестник Томского государственного университета, Томск
    ——(2016). Равноправие этносов и языков в законодательстве федеративной народной республике Югославия (1946–1963 гг.) как один из основополагающих принципов создания государства., Русин №.3(45)., Томск: Национальный исследовательский Томский государственный университет.
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    Чжуан Хуйг Чжин, А.В. Савченко (Научный руководитель)(2018): Сербохорватский Языковой Континуум: Исторические и Лингвистические Аспекты Формирования Национальных Языков Сербии, Хорватии, Боснии и Черногории. Ужгород: Студії З Філології Та Журналістики, Випуск 5, ст.281-285
    3.InternetГолованов, Василий.(2013). Язык и политика., журнал «Русский мир.ru». Декабрь. Retrieved 11 June, from http://www.russkiymir.ru/media/magazines/article/99190/
    Джорджевич, К. (Франция) Социополитическая и языковая ситуация в странах бывшей Югославии. Retrievd 11 June, from: http://www.my-luni.ru/journal/clauses/88/
    Кузнецов, С.Н. Язык и Политика. Retrieved 11 June, from http://www.philol.msu.ru/data/programs/yazpolit.pdfСудниченко, Д.С., науч. рук. Соловей Т. Г.: Язык и политика: аспекты взаимодействия. Retrieved 25 May, from http://elib.bsu.by/bitstream/123456789/89957/1/sudnichenko_sbornik11_tom2.pdf
    Словарь и энциклопедии на Академике. Retrieved 11 June, from https://dic.academic.ru/
    肆、其他外語文獻
    1.Documents
    Риспублика Србиjа. Республички завод за статистику. Становништво према националној припадности и полу, по општинама и градовима. Retrieved 25 May, from: 
http://www.stat.gov.rs/sr-cyrl/oblasti/popis/popis-2011/popisni-podaci-eksel-tabele/
    2.Internet
    Baština, Kulturna. (2017). Tribina "Hrvatski jezik ne može biti srpski – odgovor orjunašima" u četvrtak u Splitu. Retrieved 11 June, from http://www.hrsvijet.net/index.php/kultura/87-kulturna-batina/46099-tribina-hrvatski-jezik-ne-moze-
    Belić, Aleksandar. Leksikografskoga zavoda Miroslav Krleža. Retrieved 11 June, from: http://enciklopedija.hr/Natuknica.aspx?ID=6723
    Isailović, Neven. (2011). Ko su(bili)Jugosloveni? Retrieved 25 May, from https://pescanik.net/ko-su-bili-jugosloveni/
    Kačić, Miro. (2001). Jezikoslovna promišljanja. Zagreb: Pergamena. Retrieved 11 June, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Declaration_on_the_Status_and_Name_of_the_Croatian_Literary_Language
    Rudić, Vujadin. The Yugoslav idea, the former Yugoslavia and its Social and Geographical Features. Retrieved 4. June, from https://www.rastko.rs/istorija/srbi-balkan/vrudic-yugoslavia.html)
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    斯拉夫語文學系
    1045540021
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1045540021
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU201900758
    Appears in Collections:[斯拉夫語文學系] 學位論文

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