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    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 資訊科學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/126580
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/126580


    Title: 基於語境特徵及分群模型之中文多義詞消歧
    Using contextual information in clustering Chinese word senses
    Authors: 周子皓
    Chou, Tzu Hao
    Contributors: 劉昭麟
    賴惠玲

    Liu, Chao Lin
    Lai, Huei Lling

    周子皓
    Chou, Tzu Hao
    Keywords: 多義詞
    一詞多義
    同形異義
    分群
    詞向量
    句向量
    Lexical ambiguity
    Polysemy
    Homonym
    Clustering
    Word vector
    Sentence vector
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-10-03 17:17:45 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 多義詞為語言中常見的現象,如英語中的‘bank’,既可表示「銀行」又可表示「河岸」;‘bass’,既可表示「鱸魚」又可表示「電吉他」,而在中文中「黃牛」,既可表示「普通的牛」又可表示「非法仲介人」。而在目前,對於多義詞義項的了解主要透過辭典以及檢索系統,但是,時常仍會有不足的情況,對於辭典,一般收錄較規範化的使用方式以及無法時刻更新。因此對於詞彙較新穎的義項以及較口語的使用方式,辭典並不一定包含;此外對於檢索系統,以中央研究院平衡語料庫檢索系統為例,此系統會將目標詞彙的相關句提供使用者,但是,對於多義詞的義項,使用者必須閱讀所有的相關句後才能得知,其在語料庫中的義項。同時,目前多義詞研究中,人文學者需逐一檢視所擷取出的相關句,並根據人工進行判讀,才能將相關句依據義項進行分群。
    因此在本研究中,透過使用者提供之少量參考句,並且依據purity值選取最優之分群模型以及參數設置,透過此分群模型尋找語料庫中更多與參考句相同義項之相關句,並且依據目標詞彙之義項作為分群之依據,減少人文學者逐一判讀相關句所需之時間。
    同時,研究中為了觀察是否會因多義詞的類型不同而致使分群的效果以及embedding的結果會有所不同,因此於同形異義(homonym)選取「亞馬遜」、「蘋果」、「小米」、「火箭」、「東西」,作為研究對象;一詞多義(polysemy) 選取「出入」、「出發」、「壓力」、「溫暖」、「東西」,作為研究對象。
    Lexical ambiguityis a common language phenomenon. In English, the word bank can refer to the bank which we save our money or a river bank. In Chinese, the term cattle(黃牛) can stand for either a cattle or a scalper.
    Currently the understanding of lexical ambiguity terms come from either the dictionary or a search system. However, there are often times where a dictionary or a search system is not enough. Dictionaries have a standard procedure for including content and once the dictionary has been published it cannot be updated frequently. Therefore, dictionaries can fail to include new definitions or verbal usage. For search systems, using the Academia Sinica’s database as an example, users are required to read through all related sentences to understand related meanings. Current research on lexical ambiguity requires researchers to examine sentences, extract term meanings and cluster them one by one.
    In this study, the best clustering model and variables are selected based on purity values derived from references provided by the user. Then, the selected clustering model is used to find more terms and references with similar meanings from the database. Finally, the terms will be clustered according to selected meanings.
    This study also observes whether different types of lexical ambiguity will affect the results of clustering and embedding. Therefore, this study chooses homonym such as amazon and apple, polysemy’s such as departure and pressure as research subjects. This study hopes to reduce the time needed for researchers to examine sentences, extract term meanings and cluster them one by one in lexical ambiguity researches.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    資訊科學系
    104753029
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0104753029
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU201901187
    Appears in Collections:[資訊科學系] 學位論文

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