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    題名: 九二一地震受創者心理症狀與創傷後成長之研究
    Symptoms of trauma and posttraumatic growth of survivors in 921 Earthquake
    作者: 葉怡梅
    Yeh,Yi Mei
    貢獻者: 陳婉真
    王素芸

    葉怡梅
    Yeh,Yi Mei
    關鍵詞: 創傷
    創傷後成長
    創傷心理症狀反應
    trauma
    posttraumatic
    posttraumatic symptom
    日期: 2013
    上傳時間: 2014-10-01 14:26:54 (UTC+8)
    摘要:   本研究旨在建立創傷後成長之量化工具,以瞭解九二一地震後災區民眾心理症狀與創傷後成長之現況,同時亦探討災區民眾的心理症狀與創傷後成長之關係,並探究不同背景變項的災區民眾,在創傷後成長之差異情形。
      本研究採問卷調查法,使用自編的「創傷後成長量表」與Wang(2010)改編的「創傷後心理症狀指標量表-短版」進行研究,並以滾雪球的方式抽取236位災區民眾作為正式研究對象。所得資料以探索性因素分析、驗證性因素分析、描述性統計、t考驗、單因子變異數分析及皮爾遜積差相關等統計方法進行分析。

      本研究結果發現如下:
    一、自編之「創傷後成長量表」經正式施測後,量表的同質性佳,有良好鑑別度與良好的構念效度,並有不錯的效標關聯效度;總量表內部一致性α為.981。綜論之,本量表信效度皆表現良好,為一頗佳的測量工具,能適切的測量出創傷後成長的程度。
    二、災區民眾在心理症狀上呈現中度的心理症狀反應,在創傷後成長上呈現中低程度的反應。
    三、災區民眾的創傷後心理症狀與創傷後成長具有高度相關。
    四、不同性別的災區民眾,在創傷後成長的得分上無顯著差異。
    五、不同破壞情形、重建情形、信念挑戰、社會支持、蓄意芻思與敘說分享情形的災區民眾,在創傷後成長的得分上有顯著差異存在。
      整體而言,本研究的貢獻乃發展創傷後成長量表,進而協助心理助人工作者對災難後的心理重建能更有效地因應。根據研究結果,提出相關討論與具體建議,供災後心理重建實務與未來相關研究做為參考。
    The main purpose of this study was to develop a quantitative measure to assess posttraumatic growth, to understand the situation of posttraumatic symptoms and posttraumatic growth, and to investigate the relationships between posttraumatic symptoms and posttraumatic growth of survivors in 921 Earthquake. Moreover, the study was to discuss the variables of different background.
    The study adopted a method of questionnaire survey, and the instruments used in this study were “Posttraumatic Stress Response Index-Short Form”(Wang, 2010) and “Posttraumatic Growth Scale.” The study used snowball sampling to get the 236 survivors in 921 Earthquake as the sample of questionnaires. The study was analyzed by exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson product-moment correlation.
    The main findings of this study were as follows:
    1. The analysis results exhibited that the “Posttraumatic Growth Scale” was internal consistency, good degree of discrimination, good construct validity and criterion-related validity. It also showed the good reliability, the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of the total scales was .981. In short, the scale was a quite good measurement.
    2. The level of posttraumatic symptoms was middle, and the level of posttraumatic growth was lower middle of survivors in 921 Earthquake.
    3. The relationships between posttraumatic symptoms and posttraumatic growth of survivors in 921 Earthquake was highly relevant.
    4. The gender of survivors in 921 Earthquake showed no significant difference in posttraumatic growth.
    5. The different damage, rebuilding, core belief challenge, social support, deliberate rumination and narrative of survivors in 921 Earthquake showed significant difference in posttraumatic growth.
    Overall, the contribution of this study is to develop the “Posttraumatic Growth Scale,” and thus the psychological helpers to cope post-disaster psychological reconstruction effectively. According to the findings, the discussion and specific recommendations were for post-disaster psychological reconstruction practice and future related research.
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    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    輔導與諮商碩士學位學程(MPCG)
    100172007
    102
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    顯示於類別:[輔導與諮商碩士學位學程] 學位論文

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