過往研究證實，現代企業組織引進靈性，的確能有效提升員工的正向組織行為，然而靈性對於私部門可能造成的傷害，如操控員工倫理以及強迫異己改宗等問題，卻僅有少數文獻予以正視。而揆諸政治史，無論在政治哲學或者政策執行面，原本靈性的價值便是扮演重要角色的，因此前述操控靈性與改宗的問題，會使文官在執行某些道德政策時，產生更嚴重的副作用，然而，相關學術議題在過往「政教分離」傳統下，選擇避而不談。\r本研究與過往研究不同者，除將檢閱靈性正向效用文獻外，也系統性整理靈性負向問題之文獻，並且將研究對象由私部門職員轉移為政府文官，並將過往由個案研究所得出的負向倫理行為論述，以量化研究進行驗證，最後，研究結果將說明靈性對文官組織行為產生的複雜兩面性關係。 Previous studies have proven that modern enterprise organizations can effectively promote staff members’ positive organizational behavior by introducing spirituality into the workplace. However, only a few studies have investigated the potential harm that spirituality can do to the private sector, such as manipulating employees’ ethics and forcing infidel proselytism. When we review the history of politics, religious spirituality used to play a very critical role in both political philosophy and policy implementation. Therefore, nowadays, manipulating employees’ ethics and forcing infidel proselytism may cause negative effects when public officials implement certain moral policies. Nevertheless, related academic issues are not allowed to be discussed due to the tradition of “secularism”. Distinctive from previous investigations, this study not only reviews the positive effects of spirituality, but also systematically identifies existing literature which takes into account negative effects. In addition, public officers rather than private employees are targeted. A quantitative method is applied to validate propositions that have been extracted in previous case studies. Finally, this study characterizes the complicated two-faced relationship in demonstrating how spirituality influences public officers’ organizational behavior.
公共行政學報, 47,73-107 Journal of Public Administration National Chengchi University