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    Title: 依附品質對高中職青少年身體意象與自尊的影響
    The impact of attachment on the body image and self-esteem of high school teenagers
    Authors: 巫宜靜
    Wu, Yi Ching
    Contributors: 李宗芹
    姜忠信

    巫宜靜
    Wu, Yi Ching
    Keywords: 依附品質
    身體意象
    自尊
    青少年
    attachment quality
    body image
    self-esteem
    adolescents
    Date: 2016
    Issue Date: 2016-07-21 10:49:18 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 研究目的:本研究旨在探究高中職青少年依附品質對身體意象與自尊的影響。

    研究方法:以便利取樣的方式對台灣五所高中職之740位學生進行依附關係、身體意象與自尊的測量。

    研究結果:研究結果發現依附品質會因性別、學制及年級有顯著差異;身體意象亦因性別、學制、身體質量指數及年級有所不同;而自尊也因性別有顯著差異。由階層迴歸及路徑分析得知焦慮依附與逃避依附除了對身體滿意度、外表取向及自尊有直接效果外,也會間接透過身體滿意度及外表取向影響自尊。在依附關係中不管是逃避依附或焦慮依附傾向高者,皆會對自己身體感到不滿意;焦慮依附者較重視外表取向,逃避依附者則反之。本研究也發現身體滿意度和外表取向都對自尊有直接的影響力。身體滿意度越低者,自尊也會較低,而較重視外表則能微幅提高自尊,不過身體滿意度對自尊的影響仍大於外表取向的影響力。

    研究結論:對高中職的學生而言,逃避依附者的身體不滿意感、避免外表打扮的取向會間接降低自尊;焦慮依附的身體不滿意感雖然會降低自尊,不過其重視外表取向的行為則又微幅提升自尊。依據研究結果,本研究認為提升青少年安全的依附品質可能有助提升身體滿意度及自尊。
    Purpose: This study was to explore how one’s attachment quality influences his/her body image and self-esteem.

    Method: The participants included 344 male and 396 female students from 5 different senior high schools in Taiwan. The ECR-RS scale, MBSRQ and Rosenberg self-esteem scale were used to collect the attachment quality, body image and self-esteem.

    Result: The result indicated that firstly, the attachment quality of senior high school students varied significantly when it comes to different genders, school properties and grades. Secondly, the body image of the participants also showed notably dissimilarity in different genders, school properties, BMIs and grades. Lastly, gender differences were also noted when it comes to the levels of one’s self-esteem. The results of hierarchical regression analysis and path analysis supported the research assumption that body image mediated the attachment quality and self-esteem. Anxious attachment would show higher relevance to one’s body dissatisfaction as well as higher appearance orientation; while avoidant attachment would only suggest positive correlation with body dissatisfaction but lower appearance orientation.
    The results of this study also showed that how much one’s level of body satisfaction as well as the level of his/her appearance-orientation can also influence his/her self-esteem. Self-esteem decreased much relevantly with one’s level of body satisfaction while those with higher appearance-orientation also showed some increased level of self-esteem. However, body satisfaction, overall, was found to show greater influence on one’s level of self-esteem than the appearance-orientation.
    Hence, on the one hand, the individuals with avoidant attachment style tended to be dissatisfied with their body and to also become less appearance-orientated. This tendency decreased their self-esteem indirectly. One the other hand, even though the ones with anxious attachment style showed decreased self-esteem due to their body dissatisfaction, however, their appearance-oriented behavior somewhat helped increase the level of their self-esteem to a certain degree.
    In conclusion, to increase the level of secure attachment among adolescents help increase the level of their self-esteem while decreasing the feeling of their body dissatisfaction.
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